KNOWLEDGE ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE STUDY OF HUMAN IMMUNO DEFICIENCY VIRUS AND AQUIRED IMMUNO DEFICIENCY SYNDROME (HIV/AIDS) AMONG RURAL POPULATION OF TAMIL NADU (INDIA)

Published

2012-12-31

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Original Article

Authors

  • Sanjay Kumar Gupta
  • Anil J Purty
  • Zile Singh
  • J Bazroy
  • J Cherian

Abstract

Research question: What is the knowledge, attitude and practice towards HIV/AIDS in a general population? Objectives: (1) To assess the knowledge about mode of transmission, treatment and prevention of HIV/AIDS. (2) To study the socio demographic pattern, myths and misconceptions. Study design: Community based cross sectional study. Setting: Chunampett Village, Tamilnadu. Duration: March to May 2007. Participants: 845 both males and females above the age of 18 years interviewed at home. Results: Population surveyed was 845, comprising of 482 (57.04%) males and 363 (42.96%) females. Most of them were Hindus (96.10%). Main occupation was agriculture (39.41%) among males and house wives (33.73%) among females. 40.35% respondents belonged to low socioeconomic status. Illiteracy rate was high especially among females (43%).Source of information about HIV/AIDS was mass media in about 85% of the population. Majority of individuals (58.5%) were not aware that the disease was contagious. An overwhelming majority (98.59%) were aware about the mode of transmission of HIV/AIDS through sexual route. However about 20% had myths regarding transmission of disease. 65% knew that HIV/AIDS is preventable, yet only 4% used condoms. A vast majority (60-65%) were not aware that treatment and PEP were available free of cost in government hospitals. A majority of about 54.22% were of the opinion that the diagnosis of HIV/AIDS should not be kept confidential. Conclusion: The awareness about HIV / AIDS is high among the study population but the implementation of preventive measures is low. The knowledge about availability of prophylactic and therapeutic measures against HIV / AIDS in Govt. hospitals is also low.

How to Cite

1.
Gupta SK, Purty AJ, Singh Z, Bazroy J, Cherian J. KNOWLEDGE ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE STUDY OF HUMAN IMMUNO DEFICIENCY VIRUS AND AQUIRED IMMUNO DEFICIENCY SYNDROME (HIV/AIDS) AMONG RURAL POPULATION OF TAMIL NADU (INDIA). Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2012 Dec. 31 [cited 2022 Sep. 30];24(4):264-8. Available from: https://iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/263

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