AN EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY OF DIETARY AND EXERCISE HABITS AS CO-RELATES OF HYPERTENSION IN PERSON AGED 45 AND ABOVE IN AGRA DISTRICT

Authors

  • Renu Agrawal
  • Mridul Chaturvedi
  • Sujan Singh
  • Subhash Chandra Gupta

Abstract

Background: Due to changing lifestyle in Indian population prevalence of hypertension is increasing which needs modification in dietary and exercise habit of the general population. Objective: A study was designed to correlate dietary and exercise habits with hypertension in general population. Material and methods: Present study is a community based cross sectional study among persons aged more than 45 years in Agra district using PPS multi stage simple random sampling technique with a sample size of 553, which includes 260 persons from urban and 293 persons from rural area. Results: Out of 544 persons studied, overall prevalence of hypertension was found to be 36.21% which was 41.47% in urban and 31.47% in rural areas. Prevalence decreases significantly in person engaged in heavy physical activity (14.54%). Hypertension is more prevalent in non vegetarian diet (44.26%) as compared to vegetarian (33.88%) and very high in population consuming extra salt (73.77%). Conclusion: Prevalence of hypertension in this study is 36.21% and increases with lack of exercise and yoga, non vegetarian diet and consumption of extra salt in diet.

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Published

2012-06-30

How to Cite

1.
Agrawal R, Chaturvedi M, Singh S, Gupta SC. AN EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY OF DIETARY AND EXERCISE HABITS AS CO-RELATES OF HYPERTENSION IN PERSON AGED 45 AND ABOVE IN AGRA DISTRICT. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2012 Jun. 30 [cited 2021 Dec. 5];24(2):91-6. Available from: https://iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/229

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Original Article

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