LIFESTYLE PREDICTORS AFFECTING 21ST CENTURY EPIDEMIC OF OBESITY AMONG 18-24 YEAR OLD COLLEGE GIRLS IN AGRA, INDIA

Authors

  • H K Thakkar
  • S K Misra
  • S C Gupta

Abstract

Background: The problem of overweight and obesity is not confined only to developed countries but is also widely prevalent in developing countries. Low levels of physical activity, TV watching, and dietary pattern are modifiable risk factors for overweight and obesity in college girls. Objective: To assess the prevalence of overweight and obesity as defined by the Body Mass Index(BMI) criteria of WHO among 18-24 year old college girls in Agra and identify its associated factors. Material & Methods: A cross-sectional study, adopting a multistage stratified random sampling procedure, has been conducted in 2009 among 400 college going girls aged 18-24 years in randomly selected degree colleges of Agra(urban & rural). Pre-designed and pre-tested questionnaire was used to elicit the information about dietary history and physical activity. Height and weight was measured and BMI was calculated. Statistical Analysis: Percentage, chi square Results: The prevalence of overweight and obesity was found to be 18.5% & 4.5% respectively according to BMI criteria of WHO. Skipping of breakfast was found to be about 14.5%. Eating fast food on alternate basis at college and at other places was found to be common among 48.5% & 51% of the subjects respectively. The average time spent on watching television was significantly higher among the obese (4.2hrs/day) & overweight (4.0hrs/day) than among normal & underweight subjects (3.5hrs/day). Gossip hours found to be nearly twice among obese (1.8hrs/day) as compared to normal & underweight (1.0hrs/day). It was found that close to two third (63.0%) and more than half (55.7%) of the subjects had never or occasionally been involved in outdoor and indoor games respectively and only one fourth (24.3%) of the subjects involved in daily play. Among obese subjects, 28.3% of the subjects used to play for 2 hours/week. Almost all the subjects (94.3%) were involved in daily household task like washing clothes. Three fourth (76.1%) of obese subjects participated in household chores for less than two hours. Public transport was found to be the main mode of conveyance for the majority (70.7%) of the subjects. Conclusion: This study confirmed the findings of earlier studies carried out in Western countries and emphasizes that regular physical exercise, doing household activities, regulated television viewing, and healthy eating behaviors could contribute to controlling overweight and obesity.

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Published

2013-06-30

How to Cite

1.
Thakkar HK, Misra SK, Gupta SC. LIFESTYLE PREDICTORS AFFECTING 21ST CENTURY EPIDEMIC OF OBESITY AMONG 18-24 YEAR OLD COLLEGE GIRLS IN AGRA, INDIA. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2013 Jun. 30 [cited 2024 Jul. 20];25(2):99-105. Available from: https://iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/297

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