Prevalence of ocular morbidity in rural population of eastern Uttar Pradesh, India
Background: Ocular morbidity is a significant problem in rural areas of India as it remains undiagnosed and neglected. Aims & Objectives: To determine the prevalence of ocular morbidity in the rural population of Barabanki, Uttar Pradesh. Material & Methods: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted in the villages around RHTC Satrikh of HIMS Barabanki. Ocular examination and vision testing was done among 812 people using ophthalmoscopic instruments. Information was collected using pre-tested questionnaire. Analysis was done using SPSS and appropriate Statistical tests. Results: Of the total 812 individuals interviewed, the prevalence of ocular morbidity was 41.3% (335 subjects had one or more ocular morbidity); with 88.8% elderly affected (age >65 years). Myopia was the most common ocular morbidity 14.8%, followed by cataract (14.3%) and hypermetropia (12.8%). Allergic and infective conjunctivitis affected 5.8% and 3.9%, respectively. The prevalence of Vitamin A deficiency disorder (including night blindness and bitot spots) was 1.3%. Higher ocular morbidity was present in houses with higher SES. Environmental conditions had no significant relation to ocular morbidity. Conclusion: The prevalence of ocular diseases among the elderly was highest and requires prompt attention. Myopia was the most common ocular morbidity having a prevalence of 14.8%, followed by cataract (14.3%) and hypermetropia (12.8%).