Depression and its Association with Housing conditions and Family among Pregnant Women of Rural Varanasi

Published

2021-12-31

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47203/IJCH.2021.v33i04.006

Keywords:

Depression, Pregnant, House, Family

Dimensions Badge

Issue

Section

Original Article

Authors

  • Kshitij Raj Maa Vindhyavasini Autonomous State Medical College, Mirzapur https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0378-3330
  • Shyam Sunder Keshari Maharishi Vashishtha Autonomous State Medical College Basti,Uttar Pradesh
  • Hari Shankar Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
  • Priyanka Kesarwani Maharishi Vashishtha Autonomous State Medical College Basti, Uttar Pradesh https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2890-4637

Abstract

Background: Depressive disorders were the second leading cause of years lost due to disability in 2010 after low back pain and leading cause of disability adjusted life years (WHO 2010). Gestational depression may lead to low birth weight, premature births etc. Housing and family are important aspects of one daily life which if are unsatisfactory can increase stress level of its members. Aims & Objectives: The aim of this study is to see the relationship of housing and family with depression among pregnant women. Material & Methods: This is a community based cross sectional study of 220 pregnant women in 10 randomly selected villages of Chiraigaon, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh during one year period; using predesigned, pretested and semi structured interview schedule for assessing housing and family conditions. Results: Depression was found to be more in women living in kutcha house, nuclear family and illiterate husband, husband as head of family and belonging to lower socio-economic status. Increasing number of female child also increases depression. Conclusion: Housing structure, education of husband, socio-economic status and number of daughters should be assessed in every pregnant woman as these affect depressive state of pregnant women which can adversely affect the outcome of pregnancy.

How to Cite

1.
Raj K, Keshari SS, Shankar H, Kesarwani P. Depression and its Association with Housing conditions and Family among Pregnant Women of Rural Varanasi. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2021 Dec. 31 [cited 2022 Aug. 19];33(4):575-9. Available from: https://iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/2249

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Shelter. The impact of housing problems on mental health. July2017. [Internet].2017. [Last accessed on 07/08/2021]. Available from: https://assets.ctfassets.net/6sxvmndnpn0s/59MBno13nAzVDGZeSjiJkX/3c2b8e75becb0e3f10057f696c95c284/Housing_and_mental_health_-_detailed_report.pdf

Priscila Krauss Pereira, Giovanni Marcos Lovisi, Lu?ciaAbelha Lima, Leti?cia Fortes Legay, Jacqueline Fernandes de Cintra Santos, Simone Agadir Santos, Daianna Lima Thiengo and Elie Valencia (2011).Depression During Pregnancy: Review of Epidemiological and Clinical Aspects in Developed and Developing Countries, Psychiatric Disorders - Trends and Developments, Dr. Toru Uehara (Ed.), ISBN: 978-953-307-745-1

A.T. Beck, R.A. Steer, G.K. Brown. Beck Depression Inventory. (2nd), Psychological Corporation, San Antonio, TX (1996)

Chambers E, Fuster D, Suglia S , Rosenbaum E. MacArthur Foundation. The Link between Housing, Neighborhood, and Mental Health. www.macfound.org.Chicago.[Last accessed on 07/08/2021] Available from: https://www.macfound.org/media/files/hhm_brief_housing_neighborhood_mental_health_cnb5grx.pdf

Arora P, Aeri BT. Burden of antenatal depression and its risk factors in Indian settings: A systematic review. Indian J Med Spec 2019; 10:55-60.

Sahar N, Muzaffar N. Role of Family System, Positive Emotions and Resilience in Social Adjustment among Pakistani Adolescents. J of Educational, Health and Community Psychology. 2017; 6(2): 46-58

Sabita P, Prakash M, Sharmila E. A cross sectional study of depression during pregnancy and its risk factors among pregnant women attending a tertiary care hospital in Puducherry, India. Int J Reprod Contracept ObstetGynecol 2019; 8:1363-8.

Noh JW, Kim KB, Park J, Hong J, Kwon YD. Relationship between the number of family members and stress by gender: Cross-sectional analysis of the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. PLoS ONE. 2017; 12(9): e0184235. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0184235

Shakeel, N., Eberhard-Gran, M., Sletner, L. et al. A prospective cohort study of depression in pregnancy, prevalence and risk factors in a multi-ethnic population. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2015;15, 5. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12884-014-0420-0

Nasreen, H. E., Kabir, Z. N., Forsell, Y., &Edhborg, M. Prevalence and associated factors of depressive and anxiety symptoms during pregnancy: a population based study in rural Bangladesh. BMC women's health, 2011;11,22. https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6874-11-22

AktasSongul, and KiymetYesilcicekCalik. Factors Affecting Depression During Pregnancy and the Correlation Between Social Support and Pregnancy Depression, ran Red Crescent Med J. 2015; 17(9):e16640.

Chandran M, P. Tharyan, J. Muliyil and S. Abraham, Post-partum depression in a cohort of women froma rural area of Tamil Nadu, India Incidence and risk factors. The British Journal of Psychiatry. 2002;181(6):499-504.

Bontha V, Babua,b and Shantanu K Kara, Abuse against women in pregnancy: a population-based study from Eastern India. WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health 2012;1(2):133-43.

Prabha S Chandra, Post-partum psychiatric care in India: the need for integration and innovation,World Psychiatry.2004;3(2):99–100.

Most read articles by the same author(s)