Are Health Caregivers safe from workplace violence? A cross sectional study on workplace safety from Tertiary Care Hospital of Uttarakhand

Published

2022-12-31

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47203/IJCH.2022.v34i04.004

Keywords:

Health Personnel, Healthcare Workers, Medical Staff, Curriculum, Workplace Violence

Dimensions Badge

Issue

Section

Original Article

Authors

  • Shaili Vyas Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, Swami Rama Himalayan University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand
  • Ravinder Singh Saini Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, Swami Rama Himalayan University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5503-8458
  • Jayanti Semwal Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, Swami Rama Himalayan University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand
  • Neha Sharma Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, Swami Rama Himalayan University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6018-4783
  • Manish Chaturvedi National Institute of Health & Family Welfare, New Delhi
  • Mohd. Waseem Faraz Ansari ESI Medical College, Gulbarga, Karnataka

Abstract

Background: The prevalence of workplace violence in the healthcare sector is a problem that is frequently ignored and underreported. The performance of healthcare workers who have been the target of violence may suffer, which may have a negative effect on patient satisfaction and health. Aims & Objectives: The purpose of the current study was to determine the prevalence of workplace violence (WPV), risk factors for violence against healthcare workers, and their experiences regarding the same. Methodology: It was a cross-sectional study conducted on 157 hospital staff at Tertiary Care Medical College of Uttarakhand. Data was gathered using a semi-structured, self-administered questionnaire that was modified from the ILO, ICN, WHO, and PSI. Data were analyzed using SPSS software (version 20). Results: Factors like age, gender, job profile, lesser work experience, night shifts, and fewer staff on duty were found to have a positive association with workplace violence. It was observed that the majority of incidents took place in the ward, and the patient’s relatives were the attacker in most of the cases. It was also seen that the majority of Hospital staff did not get bothered by the incident except by staying super alert while dealing with other patients or their relatives. Conclusion: The study concludes that while caring for patients, Hospital staff are at risk of being victims of aggressive and violent situations. To reduce this problem, strategies like training staff in order to handle such incidents in the future should be brought into practice. Laws should be made stricter & assaulting staff on duty should be made a cognizable offense with serious consequences & heavy penalties. Also, the young budding MBBS students should be trained by incorporating these strategies, laws & policies in the CBME curriculum

How to Cite

1.
Vyas S, Saini RS, Semwal J, Sharma N, Chaturvedi M, Ansari MWF. Are Health Caregivers safe from workplace violence? A cross sectional study on workplace safety from Tertiary Care Hospital of Uttarakhand. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2022 Dec. 31 [cited 2023 Feb. 6];34(4):469-76. Available from: https://iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/2492

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

WHO Workplace Violence. WHO; [Last accessed on 2022 Dec 17]. Available from: http://www.who.int/violence_injury_prevention/ injury/work9/en/

Di Martino V. Relationship between work stress and workplace violence in the health sector. Geneva: ILO; 2003.

Krug EG, Mercy JA, Dahlberg LL, Zwi AB. The world report on violence and health. Lancet. 2002;360(9339):1083-8.

Rosen J. Overview and summary: patient and visitor violence: what do we know? What can we do? Online Journal of Issues in Nursing. 2013;18(1):1 p preceding 1.

Camerino D, Estryn-Behar M, Conway PM, Van Der Heijden BIJM, Hasselhorn HM. Work-related factors and violence among nursing staff in the European NEXT study: A longitudinal cohort study. International Journal of Nursing Studies. 2008;45: 35–50.

Hahn S, Hantikainen V, Needham I, Kok G, Dassen T, Halfens RJ. Patient and visitor violence in the general hospital, occurrence, staff interventions and consequences: a cross-sectional survey. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 2012;68(12):2685-99.

Pund SB , Bina M. Kuril, Mohan K. Doibale, Rajendra T. Ankushe, Purushottam Kumar, Nafeha Siddiqui. Study of workplace violence, its risk factors and perceptions about workplace security in doctors of Paithan. International Journal of Community Medicine & Public Health. 2017;4(6):1987-92.

Fujita S, Ito S, Seto K, Kitazawa T, Matsumoto K, Hasegawa T. Risk factors of workplace violence at hospitals in Japan. Journal of Hospital Medicine. 2012;7(2):79-84.

Arnetz J, Hamblin LE, Sudan S, Arnetz B. Organizational Determinants of Workplace Violence Against Hospital Workers. Journal of Occupational Environmental Medicine. 2018;60(8):693-699.

Workplace violence in the health sector country case studies research instrument. Joint programme on workplace violence in the health sector. Ilo/icn/who/psi. https://www.who.int/violence_injury_prevention/violence/interpersonal/en/wvquestionnaire.pdf

Kumar M, Verma M, Das T, Pardeshi G, Kishore J, Padmanandan A. A Study of Workplace Violence Experienced by Doctors and Associated Risk Factors in a Tertiary Care Hospital of South Delhi, India. Journal of Clinical Diagnostic Research. 2016;10(11):LC06-LC10

Pund SB, Kuril BM, Doibale MK, Ankushe RT, Kumar P, Siddiqui N. Study of workplace violence, its risk factors and perceptions about workplace security in doctors of Paithan. International Journal of Community Medicine & Public Health. 2017;4(6):1987-92.

Farooq J, Mustafa A, Singh D, Yattoo GH, Tabish A, Qadiri GJ. Violence in Hospitals. Journal ofthe Academy of Hospital Administration. 2009;21(1,2):16-20.

Hasan MI, Hassan MZ, Bulbul MMI, Joarder T, Chisti MJ. Iceberg of workplace violence in health sector of Bangladesh. BMC Res Notes. 2018;11(1):702.

Yenealem DG, Woldegebriel MK, Olana AT, Mekonnen TH. Violence at work: determinants & prevalence among health care workers, northwest Ethiopia: an institutional based cross sectional study. Annals of Occupational Environmental Medicine. 2019 Apr 3;31:8.

Abou-El Wafa HS, El-Gilany A-H, Abd-El-Raouf SE, et al. Workplace violence against emergency versus non-emergency nurses in Mansoura university hospitals, Egypt. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 2015;30(5):857–72.

Tian J, Du L. Microblogging violent attacks on medical staff in China: a case study of the Longmen County People's hospital incident. BMC Health Serv Res. 2017;17(1):363.

Zafar W, Siddiqui E, Ejaz K, Shehzad MU, Khan R, Jamali S. Violence: Recognition, Management, and preventive health care personnel and workplace violence in the emergency departments of a volatile metropolis, results from Karachi. Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2013;45(5):761–72.19.

Sinha AA. Workplace Violence Faced by Nurses in a Rural Tertiary Hospital of Central India: Pattern & Intervention. COJ Nursing & Healthcare.2018; 2(4): 187-90

Talas MS, Kocaöz S, Akgüç S. A survey of violence against staff working in the emergency department in Ankara, Turkey. Asian Nursing Research. 2011;5(4):197–203.

Mehta RK, Srivastav G, Neupane N, Shah DK. Workplace violence among health personnel in tertiary health care institutions of Nepal. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development. 2015;2 (4):450-453.

Li YL, Li RQ, Qiu D, Xiao SY. Prevalence of Workplace Physical Violence against Health Care Professionals by Patients and Visitors: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research & Public Health. 2020;17(1):299.

Gohil RK, Singh PK, Saxena N, Patel G. Workplace violence against resident doctors of a tertiary care hospital in Delhi, India. International Surgery Journal 2019;6:975-81.

Singh G, Singh A, Chaturvedi S, Khan S. Workplace Violence against Resident Doctors: A Multicentric Study from Government Medical Colleges of Uttar Pradesh.IJPH.2019;63:143-6.

Wu D, Wang Y, Lam KF, et al. Health system reforms, violence against doctors and job satisfaction in the medical profession: a cross-sectional survey in Zhejiang Province, Eastern China. BMJ Open 2014;4(12): e006431.

Kaur R, Kaur A. Prevalence of Violence towards Staff Nurses and their Knowledge and Utilization of Safety Resources. Asian J. Nur. Edu. and Research. 2015; 5 (1):124-127.

Gerberich S, Church T, McGovern P, Hansen H, Nachreiner N, Geisser M, et al. An epidemiological study of the magnitude and consequences of work-related violence: the Minnesota Nurses’ Study. Occupational Environmental Medicine. 2004;61: 495–503.

Zahra A N, Feng JY. Workplace violence against nurses in Indonesian emergency departments. Enfermeria Clinica. 2018;28(Suppl 1):184–90

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 > >>