A Preliminary Study on Prevalence of Non-Communicable Diseases and their Association with Physical activity among the Urban Geriatric Population

Authors

  • Sneha Majumder National Institute of Nutrition (ICMR), Hyderabad, Telangana, India
  • Nimmathota Arlappa National Institute of Nutrition (ICMR), Hyderabad, Telangana, India
  • Suryanarayana Palla National Institute of Nutrition (ICMR), Hyderabad, Telangana, India
  • Sai Santhosh Vadakattu National Institute of Nutrition (ICMR), Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47203/IJCH.2019.v31i01.003

Keywords:

Non-communicable Diseases, Aged, Metabolic Syndrome, Urban Population

Abstract

Background: India is experiencing a rapid health transition with a rising burden of Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) and inappropriate lifestyle is the most remarkable risk factor associated to NCDs. Aims & Objectives: To assess the prevalence of NCDs and their association with physical activity among urban elderly. Material and methods: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted among 112 geriatric population (?60 years) in cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad. The data on medical history, lifestyle, diet and physical activity was obtained using a pre-tested questionnaire. Anthropometric measurements such as weight, height and waist circumference were measured. Intravenous blood samples were collected to estimate the biochemical parameters. Result:  About 64.3 % of elderly have been practicing physical activity i.e. predominantly walking, while 35.7% were sedentary. The prevalence of hypertension (87.5%), diabetes (65.3%), central obesity (77.8%) and metabolic syndrome (59.7%) was higher among walkers as compared to non-walkers and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome was significantly (p<0.005) high among the elderly suffering from Cardio Vascular Diseases (CVDs). Conclusion: In general, the prevalence of non-communicable diseases was high among urban geriatric population. Therefore, primordial and primary preventive measures should be adopted during adolescence and early adulthood for the prevention and control of NCDs.

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Published

2019-03-31

How to Cite

1.
Majumder S, Arlappa N, Palla S, Vadakattu SS. A Preliminary Study on Prevalence of Non-Communicable Diseases and their Association with Physical activity among the Urban Geriatric Population. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2019 Mar. 31 [cited 2024 Jun. 24];31(1):10-5. Available from: https://iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/1029

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