A cross-sectional study on the level of job stress among nursing staff and its relation with demographic variables and their work pattern in a tertiary care teaching hospital in Surendranagar, Gujarat






Job stress, nursing staff, demographic variable, work pattern

Dimensions Badge



Original Article



Introduction: The nursing profession is known to be stressful throughout the world. It contributes to various physical and psychological health problems in nurses, which ultimately influencing on their performance and efficiency of work. Objective: To measure the level of job stress among nurses and to find out its relationship with demographic variables and working pattern. Methods: Study was done among 102 nurses in a tertiary care hospital of Surendranagar district from February to March 2020. The level of job stress was measured by a set of 14 questions which are directly related to job stress and response was collected on a five-point Likert Scale. Results: This study revealed, moderate and severe level of job stress among 53% and 45% of nurses respectively. The job stress had no statistically significant association with demographic variables like age and gender. However, job stress had an inverse correlation with the factors like work experience, shift timings and working hours. Conclusion: All the study participants were suffering from mild to severe level of job stress. Younger age group and female nurses were commonly affected with job stress. Work stress was also found more prevalent in nurses with lesser experience, rotational shift and more working hours.

How to Cite

Joshi KJ, Kishor SM, Kartha GP. A cross-sectional study on the level of job stress among nursing staff and its relation with demographic variables and their work pattern in a tertiary care teaching hospital in Surendranagar, Gujarat. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2020 Jun. 30 [cited 2023 Mar. 24];32(2):404-10. Available from: https://iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/1543


Download data is not yet available.


Akinboye, J.O., Akinboye, D.O., Adeyemo, D.A. Coping with Stress in Life and at the Work place. Stirlin- Hordon Publishers (Nig). Ltd. 2002

Stress-mentalhealth.org.uk. Mental Health Foundationh: Definition of stress. Available from: https://www.mentalhealth.org.uk/a-to-z/s/stress. Last Accessed on 29/05/2020.

Topper, E. F. Stress in the Library. Journal of New Library 2007;108(11/12):561-564.

Olayinka AO, Osamudiamen OS. Occupational stress management among nurses in selected hospital in Benin City, Edo state, Nigeria. Eur J Exp Biol 2013;3:473-481

Nedd N. Perceptions of empowerment and intent to stay. Nurs Econ. 2006 Jan-Feb;24(1):13-8, 3. PubMed PMID: 16583601.[PubMed]

Tzeng HM. The influence of nurses' working motivation and job satisfaction on intention to quit: an empirical investigation in Taiwan. Int J Nurs Stud. 2002 Nov;39(8):867-78. doi: 10.1016/s0020-7489(02)00027-5. PubMed PMID: 12379304.[PubMed]

Dr. Tessy Treesa Jose & Dr. Sripathy M. Bhat. A descriptive study on stress and coping of nurses working in selected hospitals of Udupi and Mangalore districts Karnataka, India. IOSR Journal of Nursing and Health Science 2013;3(1) Version 1:10-18

K. Vijaya Nirmala, M. Suresh Babu. Job Stress among Health Care Professionals in Selected Hospitals with Special Reference to Age and Gender. International Journal of Science and Research 2015;4(6):1625-1629

Tekeletsadik S, Mulat H, Necho M, Waja T. Occupational stress and its associated factors among health care professionals working at a setting of a specialized mental hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2017: A Hospital-Based Cross-Sectional Study. J Psychol Psychother 2020;10(1):1-8

Huda M. Al-Makhaita, Amr A Sabra, Ahmed S Hafez. Job performance among nurses working in two different health care levels, eastern Saudi Arabia: a comparative study. International journal of medical science and public health 2014;3(7):832-837

Abdul Salam, Munir Abu-Helalah, Shari L. Jorissen, Khalid Niaz, Abuelgasim Mansour, Ali Al Qarni. Job stress and job satisfaction among health care professionals. European Scientific Journal 2014;10(32):156-173

Badil, Hakim Shah, Syed Arif Ali, Muhammad Arsalan Siddiqui. Severity of Stress in Nurses Everyday Life in Karachi, Pakistan. J Liaquat Uni Med Health Sci 2017;16(1):62-67

Najimi A, Goudarzi AM, Sharifirad G. Causes of job stress in nurses: A cross-sectional study. Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res. 2012 May;17(4):301-5. PubMed PMID: 23833631; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3702151[PubMed].

Dagget T, Molla A, Belachew T. Job related stress among nurses working in Jimma Zone public hospitals, South West Ethiopia: a cross sectional study. BMC Nurs. 2016;15:39. doi: 10.1186/s12912-016-0158-2. eCollection 2016. PubMed PMID: 27313502; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4910212.[PubMed]

Chatzigianni D, Tsounis A, Markopoulos N, Sarafis P. Occupational Stress Experienced by Nurses Working in a Greek Regional Hospital: A Cross-sectional Study. Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res. 2018 Nov-Dec;23(6):450-457. doi: 10.4103/ijnmr.IJNMR_120_17. PubMed PMID: 30386395; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6178576.[PubMed]

Azam Faraji, Mahtab Karimi, Seyyed Mohsen Azizi, Maryam Janatolmakan & Alireza Khatony. Occupational stress and its related demographic factors among Iranian CCU nurses: a cross-sectional study. BMC Res Notes 2019; 12, 634

Keykaleh MS, Safarpour H, Yousefian S, Faghisolouk F, Mohammadi E, Ghomian Z. The Relationship between Nurse's Job Stress and Patient Safety. Open Access Maced J Med Sci. 2018 Nov 25;6(11):2228-2232. doi: 10.3889/oamjms.2018.351. eCollection 2018 Nov 25. PubMed PMID: 30559893; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6290432[PubMed].

Masoomeh Mortaghi ghasemi, Zeinab Ghahremani, Amir Vahedian azimi, Fatemeh Ghorbani. Nurses job stress in therapeutic educational centers in Zanjan. J Res dev Nurs Midwifery. 2011;8(1):42-51

Seyed Ehsan Samaei et al. Evaluating the status of occupational stress and identifying its

related risk factors among nurses in Babol City, Northern Iran: A cross-sectional study. IJOH. 2018;10:60-66

Buja A, Zampieron A, Mastrangelo G, Petean M, Vinelli A, Cerne D, Baldo V. Strain and health implications of nurses' shift work. Int J Occup Med Environ Health. 2013 Aug;26(4):511-21. doi: 10.2478/s13382-013-0122-2. Epub 2014 Jan 25. PubMed PMID: 24057261.[PubMed]

Eriksen W, Tambs K, Knardahl S. Work factors and psychological distress in nurses' aides: a prospective cohort study. BMC Public Health. 2006 Nov 28;6:290. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-6-290. PubMed PMID: 17132172; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1693921.[PubMed]

Letvak S, Buck R. Factors influencing work productivity and intent to stay in nursing. Nurs Econ. 2008 May-Jun;26(3):159-65. PubMed PMID: 18616053.[PubMed]

Chaudhari AP, Mazumdar K, Motwani YM, Ramadas D. Aprofile of occupational stress in nurses. Ann Indian Psychiatry 2018;2:109-114

Kshetrimayum Nandita, Bennadi Darshana, Siluvai Sibyl. Stress among staff nurses: A hospital-based study. Journal of Nature and Science of Medicine 2019;2(2):95-100