Coronary Artery Disease and Periodontal disease –Does severity correlates? An Angiographically confirmed cross-sectional study, Jaipur, India

Keywords: Coronary artery disease, Periodontitis, Angiogram, Cardiology

Abstract

Background

Coronary artery disease is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Chronic periodontal disease is the most common oral disease. Bacteremia associated with periodontal disease has an impact on vascular components and connective tissues, which in turn may play role in coronary artery disease.

Aim

The aim of the study was to assess correlation between severity of coronary artery disease and periodontal disease.

Material and methods

Severity of coronary artery disease was assessed by calculating Gensini scores from the coronary angiograms while periodontal status was assessed clinically by using community periodontal index (CPI) and loss of attachment index (LOA) as per WHO methodology 1997 among 700 participants.

Results

The average Gensini score was reported as 30.54 ± 22.84. A significant correlation (P<0.05) was found between Gensini score and CPI score 0, 2, 3 and 4. 

Conclusion

Weak correlation was found between severity of coronary artery disease and periodontitis.

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Published
2020-12-31
How to Cite
1.
Vasim Raja Panwar, Abhishek Sharma, Shashi Mohan Sharma, Sujal Parkar, Setu Mathur, Sharma A. Coronary Artery Disease and Periodontal disease –Does severity correlates? An Angiographically confirmed cross-sectional study, Jaipur, India. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2020Dec.31 [cited 2021Jan.21];32(4). Available from: https://iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/1854
Section
Short Article