To assess the adherence to antiretroviral therapy among HIV positive patients attending ART centres in Haryana and its effect on their quality of life

Authors

  • Arundeep Singh Maharishi Markandeshwar Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8243-4950
  • Anshu Mittal Maharishi Markandeshwar Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3482-7773
  • Vishavdeep Kaur Maharishi Markandeshwar Medical College & Hospital, Kumarhatti, Solan, Himachal Pradesh, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47203/IJCH.2021.v33i02.016

Keywords:

Quality of Life (QOL), Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART), AIDS, HIV, Facility Integrated ART centre (FIART), Patient Living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV/AIDS)

Abstract

Background: Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is now considered as a manageable chronic illness with the availability of ART. A high level of adherence (>95%) is required for antiretroviral therapy to be effective. It is a syndrome that builds a vacuum in a person affecting his/her quality of life (QOL) as a whole. Aim& Objective: The aim of our study was to determine adherence and its effect on their quality of life among HIV/AIDS patients attending FIART (Facility Integrated Anti-retroviral therapy) clinic. Materials and Methods: Using a cross-sectional study design,  257 HIV positive patients receiving antiretroviral therapy at Facility integrated anti-retroviral therapy centre Ambala Haryana. QOL of patients taking ART was assessed using WHO-QOL-BREF questionnaire.  Results: Of 257 participants, 88.3% were found to be adherent, adherent to ART therapy and ambulatory had better QOL (p < 0.05) than their counterparts from other socio-clinical strata. Mean scores of physical (70.89±7.384), psychological (47.37±9.174), social (51.97±11.119) & environmental domains (52.33±9.081), were having highest in patients those who were adherent (adherence rate >95%) to ART therapy. Conclusion: Adherence to antiretroviral therapy in Haryana India is suboptimal. Intensive adherence counselling should be provided to all patients before initiation of antiretroviral therapy and on every visit to FIART centre.

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Published

2021-06-30

How to Cite

1.
Singh A, Mittal A, Kaur V. To assess the adherence to antiretroviral therapy among HIV positive patients attending ART centres in Haryana and its effect on their quality of life. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2021 Jun. 30 [cited 2021 Jul. 26];33(2):314-8. Available from: https://iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/2042

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Original Article