Female gender disadvantage and its impact on Psychological morbidity: A cross- sectional study among married Indian rural women of child bearing age.

Authors

  • BHAVNA LANGER GOVT MEDICAL COLLEGE JAMMU
  • Rashmi Kumari GOVERNMENT MEDICAL COLLEGE JAMMU https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4987-1742
  • RIYA GUPTA GOVERNMENT MEDICAL COLLEGE JAMMU
  • RICHA MAHAJAN GOVERNMENT MEDICAL COLLEGE JAMMU
  • RAJIV K GUPTA GOVERNMENT MEDICAL COLLEGE JAMMU https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9096-3593
  • RAJA LANGER GOVERNMENT MEDICAL COLLEGE JAMMU

Keywords:

Gender Disadvantage; male predisposition; empowerment; psychological morbidity.

Abstract

Background-In Indian rural culture, male preference is deeply entrenched in the society. Gender disadvantage predisposes to limited education, poorer health care and lesser employment opportunities.

Aims and objectives: To assess the Gender disadvantage in rural married females and its impact on their psychological morbidity.

Setting and design : Analytical Cross sectional study was conducted  in a randomly selected village of a rural health block, 

Methodology: All the eligible women were interviewed using Door Knock Procedure. Psychological morbidity was assessed using 20 items Self Rating Questionnaire (SRQ-20).

Statistical Analysis: Data was analysed using SPSS ver 20.0.  Tests of significance applied were Chi square test and student t test. P value of <0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. 

Results: Prevalence of Female gender disadvantage was 59.89%. Parental male predisposition and socioeconomic status were found to be statistically associated (p<0.05). The women’s own preference for a male child was strongly predicted by their own gender disadvantage from the parents. Statistically significant difference in psychological morbidity was found amongst women who had both parental male predisposition and lack of empowerment in comparison to those who had either of these or none of these (p=0.00).

Conclusion: Psychological morbidity due to gender disadvantage is a cause of concern. Social awareness and strongly enforced laws like PC-PNDT are likely to reduce the culturally embedded preferences.

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Author Biographies

BHAVNA LANGER, GOVT MEDICAL COLLEGE JAMMU

ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR DEPTT OF COMMUNITY MEDICINE

Rashmi Kumari, GOVERNMENT MEDICAL COLLEGE JAMMU

ASSISTANT PROFESSOR DEPTT OF COMMUNITY MEDICINE

RIYA GUPTA, GOVERNMENT MEDICAL COLLEGE JAMMU

POST GRADUATE SCHOLAR DEPTT OF OPHTHALMOLOGY 

RICHA MAHAJAN, GOVERNMENT MEDICAL COLLEGE JAMMU

LECTURER DEPTT OF COMMUNITY MEDICINE 

RAJIV K GUPTA, GOVERNMENT MEDICAL COLLEGE JAMMU

PROFESSOR DEPTT OF COMMUNITY MEDICINE 

RAJA LANGER, GOVERNMENT MEDICAL COLLEGE JAMMU

LECTURER DEPTT OF GENERAL SURGERY

Published

2021-12-31

How to Cite

1.
LANGER B, Kumari R, GUPTA R, MAHAJAN R, GUPTA RK, LANGER R. Female gender disadvantage and its impact on Psychological morbidity: A cross- sectional study among married Indian rural women of child bearing age. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2021 Dec. 31 [cited 2022 Jan. 17];33(4). Available from: https://iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/2096

Issue

Section

Original Article (IAPSM Member PG Thesis Only)

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