Serosurveillance among COVID-19 Cases in Ahmedabad Using SARS-COV2 IgG Antibodies

Authors

  • Om Prakash Deputy Municipal Commissioner, Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation
  • Bhavin Solanki Medical Officer of Health, Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation
  • Jay Sheth AMC MET Medical College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9598-4473
  • Daxa Maitrak Deputy Health Officer, Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation
  • Mina Kadam AMC MET Medical College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat
  • Sheetal Vyas AMC MET Medical College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2756-6608
  • Aparajita Shukla Smt. Nathiba Hargovandas Lakhmichand Municipal Medical College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5432-8026
  • Hemant Tiwari Smt. Nathiba Hargovandas Lakhmichand Municipal Medical College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0379-7479

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47203/IJCH.2021.v33i02.022

Keywords:

COVID-19 cases, Immunity, IgG Antibodies, SARS-CoV2, Seroprevalence

Abstract

Background: Serosurveillance study focusing on antibodies against SARS-CoV2 among the Covid19 cases can add value in the scientific knowledge & help in formulating valid predictions regarding immunity status in the post-covid period. Objectives: To estimate seropositivity among covid19 cases and to identify various factors affecting seropositivity. Methods: During second half of October 2020, a population based serosurvey on Covid19 cases was carried out in Ahmedabad. Covid-Kavach test kits were used and estimated seroprevalence was compared with available demographic and covid19 case related parameters to identify factors affecting seropositivity in the post-covid period. Simple proportions and Z-test were used as appropriate. Results: As on October 2020, the sero-positivity among Covid19 cases in Ahmedabad was 54.51% [95% Confidence Interval (CI) 52.14-56.86%]. Females have higher positivity (54.78%) as compared to males (54.30%) but the difference was statistically not significant (Z=0.19, P=0.84). Among children and elderly, the positivity is high and from young adults to elderly the seropositivity has an increasing trend. Severity of clinical illness and longer duration of hospitalization are associated with higher seropositivity. Conclusion: With 54.51% seropositivity among covid19 cases, it is clear that all the covid19 cases may not have developed IgG antibodies, have undetectable level or might have disappeared during the post-covid period. Comparison of seropositivity with age group and clinical case details clearly suggest close correlation with the severity of clinical symptoms. The seronegative cases indicate the need for further in-depth scientific research to identify the factors affecting immunity and to uncover the reasons behind the same.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Downloads

Published

2021-06-30

How to Cite

1.
Prakash O, Solanki B, Sheth J, Maitrak D, Kadam M, Vyas S, Shukla A, Tiwari H. Serosurveillance among COVID-19 Cases in Ahmedabad Using SARS-COV2 IgG Antibodies. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2021 Jun. 30 [cited 2021 Jul. 26];33(2):351-6. Available from: https://iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/2115

Issue

Section

Original Article