A study to Assess Anxiety, Stress and Depression among MBBS interns working in Covid care Isolation facility of a tertiary level Hospital: An Observational study
Keywords:Interns, Anxiety, Depression
Introduction: The Emergence of new Delta strain of Corona virus has created havoc with all health care systems across the globe, there has been tremendous pressure due to shortage of health care workers forcing government to involve MBBS interns to overcome the shortage of health staff in Covid care. Aims & Objectives: To assess magnitude of anxiety, stress and depression among MBBS interns working in Covid Isolation facility of Government Medical College, Patiala. Material and methods: The Google form was created and the link to the online questionnaire was circulated through whatsapp group to the MBBS Interns working in Covid isolation facility during June to July 2021. The form included two instruments the Perceived Stress Scale-4 (PSS-4) and the Patient Health Questionnaire for Depression and Anxiety-4 (PHQ-4). Results: A total of 144 interns participated in the survey .Patient Health Questionnaires and Perceived Stress Scale-4 (PSS-4 ) scores of interns were 56% and 49% respectively. Anxiety and depression symptoms requiring further evaluation were seen in 19% of the Interns. Univariate analysis of PHQ-4 and PSS-4 shows statistically significant association with past history of psychiatric ailment .Conclusion: Careful monitoring of psychological and mental wellbeing of interns during the pandemic will go a long way in mitigating the worsening psychological wellbeing of budding doctors and interns.
Wilson W, Raj JP, Rao S, Ghiya M, Nedungalaparambil NM, Mundra H, Mathew R. Prevalence and predictors of stress, anxiety, and depression among healthcare workers managing COVID-19 pandemic in India: A nationwide observational study. Indian j psychol med. 2020;42(4):1–6.
Lu Wen, Wang Hang, Lin Yuxing, Li Li. Psychological status of Medical Workforce during the COVIS-19 pandemic: A cross-sectional study. Psychiatry Research.2020;288:11236.
Kroenke K, Spitzer RL, Williams JB, Lowe B. An ultra-brief screening scale for anxiety and depression: the PHQ-4. Psychosomatics 2009;50(6):613–621.
Lowe B, Wahl I, Rose M et al. A 4-item measure of depression and anxiety: validation and standardization of the Patient Health Questionnaire-4 (PHQ-4) in the general population. J Affect Disord 2010;122(1-2):86–95.
Vala NH, Vachhani MV, Sorani AM. Study of anxiety, stress, and depression level among medical students during COVID-19 pandemic phase in Jamnagar city. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol 2020;10(12):1043-1045.
Taneja N, Sachdeva S, Dwivedi N. Assessment of depression, anxiety, and stress among medical students enrolled in a medical college of New Delhi, India. Indian J Soc Psychiatry 2018;34(2):157-62
Aiyer A, Surani S, Ratnani I, Surani S. Mental Health Impact of COVID-19 on Healthcare Workers in the USA: A Cross-Sectional WebBased Survey. J Depress Anxiety. 2020;9(4):373. doi: 10.35248/2167-1044.20.9.373
Lai J, Ma S, Wang Y, Cai Z, Hu J, Wei N, Wu J, Du H, Chen T, Li R, Tan H, Kang L, Yao L, Huang M, Wang H, Wang G, Liu Z, Hu S. Factors Associated With Mental Health Outcomes Among Health Care Workers Exposed to Coronavirus Disease 2019. JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e203976.
Chew NW, Lee GK, Tan BY, Jing M, Goh Y, Ngiam NJ, et al. A multinational, multicentre study on the psychological outcomes and associated physical symptoms amongst healthcare workers during COVID-19 outbreak. Brain Behav Immun. 2020 Aug;88:559-565
Badahdah A, Khamis F, Al-Mahyijari N, Al-Balushi M, Al-Hatmi H, Al-Salmi I, et al. The mental health of health care workers in Oman during the COVID-19 pandemic. Int J Soc Psychiatry. 2021;67(1):90-95
Saraswathi I, Saikarthik J, Senthil Kumar K, Madhan Srinivasan K, Ardhanaari M, Gunapriya R. Impact of COVID-19 outbreak on the mental health status of undergraduate medical students in a COVID-19 treating medical college: a prospective longitudinal study. PeerJ. 2020;8:e10164. Published 2020 Oct 16. doi:10.7717/peerj.10164.
Cao W, Fang Z, Hou G, Han M, Xu X, Dong J, Zheng J. The psychological impact of the COVID-19 epidemic on college students in China. Psychiatry Res. 2020;287:112934
Sartorao Filho CI, De Las Villas Rodrigues WC, De Castro RB, Marcal AA, Pavelqueires S, Takano L, De Oliveira WL, Neto CIS. Impact Of covid-19 pandemic on mental health of medical students: a cross-sectional study using GAD-7 and PHQ-9 questionnaires. MedRxiv. 2020 doi: 10.1101/2020.06.24.20138925.
Li HY, Cao H, Leung DY, Mak YW. The psychological impacts of a COVID-19 outbreak on college students in china: a longitudinal study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020a;17(11):3933. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17113933.
Yates J, James D, Aston I. Pre-existing mental health problems in medical students: a retrospective survey. Medical Teacher. 2008;30(3):319–321. doi: 10.1080/01421590701797630.
Asmundson GJ, Paluszek MM, Landry CA, Rachor GS, McKay D, Taylor SJ. Do pre-existing anxiety-related and mood disorders differentially impact COVID-19 stress responses and coping? Journal of Anxiety Disorders. 2020;74:102271. doi: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2020.102271.
Taylor S, Landry CA, Paluszek MM, Fergus TA, McKay D, Asmundson GJ. COVID stress syndrome: concept, structure, and correlates. Depression and Anxiety. 2020;37(8):706–714. doi: 10.1002/da.23071
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Indian Journal of Community Health
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.