Disaster and Mental Health Preparedness in India: A Scoping Review






Disaster, Mental Health, Preparedness, Capacity Building, Scoping Review

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Review Article


  • Roshan Sutar All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Bhopal https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1027-1659
  • Anindo Majumdar All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Bhopal https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5761-7218
  • Senthil Amudhan National Institute of Mental and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bangalore https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8361-9623
  • Parmeshwar Satpathy Dr. B. C. Roy Multi Speciality Medical Research Centre, IIT Kharagpur, West Bengal
  • Vijender Singh All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Bhopal


Background: Disaster and mental health preparedness are inseparable domains highlighted during all the major disasters in India. To build Disaster-Mental health Preparedness (Disaster MHP), one has to understand the existing strategies, systemic efforts, and ground-level implementation. In this scoping review, we have analyzed the mental health preparedness efforts during major disasters in India. Methodology: We followed the Peters MDJ et al framework for scoping review named ‘Guidance for conducting systematic scoping reviews. This included the searching relevant articles on PubMed and google Scholar, and concept-context of the review. Results: The review identified major efforts taken during ten disasters in past 40 years and mapping of the potential areas for development of sustainable efforts towards Disaster MHP. Conclusion: This is the first systematic scoping review from India that provides insight into strength and sustainability of disaster mental health preparedness in India. The mapping of the review focuses on the models emerged from Bhopal, Odisha, Tamilnadu and NIMHANS for the future infrastructure, capacity building, and environment required for Disaster-MHP in India.

How to Cite

Sutar R, Majumdar A, Amudhan S, Satpathy P, Singh V. Disaster and Mental Health Preparedness in India: A Scoping Review. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2022 Jun. 30 [cited 2022 Aug. 16];34(2):154-60. Available from: https://iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/2350


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