Descriptive analysis of sleep quality and its determinants among rural population of coastal Karnataka

Published

2022-12-31

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47203/IJCH.2022.v34i04.019

Keywords:

Sleep Quality, Social Determinants, Adult, Morbidity, Environmental

Dimensions Badge

Issue

Section

Original Article

Authors

  • Saranya Sivanesan Government Theni Medical College, The Tamilnadu Dr MGR Medical University, India https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0248-9773
  • Chythra Raghavendra Rao Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka
  • Sneha Deepak Mallya Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka
  • Uttam Kumar Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya Medical College, Churu, Rajasthan https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5313-9864
  • Asha Kamath Prasanna School of Public Health, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka

Abstract

Background: A good quality of sleep helps to maintain mood, memory and cognitive performance. Aim & Objective: To assess quality of sleep and its determinants among rural adults. Settings and Design: A community based cross sectional study was carried out in rural field practice area of a medical college Methods and Material: Pittsburg sleep quality index scale was used to assess quality of sleep. Semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect information from participants. Anthropometric and blood pressure measurements were taken. Statistical analysis used: Chi-square test was used to find out association between poor sleep and specific morbidities. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression was done to assess predictors of poor sleep. Results: Among the 614 study subjects, 60.3% had good sleep. Presence of morbidity was significantly associated with poor sleep [AOR=1.48; 95%CI=1.05-2.08]. Presence of a dark room, taking a bath or having milk before bed time were top reasons cited to be facilitating good sleep. Presence of mosquitoes, having young children or adolescent at home and vital events in last one year were reported to hinder good sleep. Conclusions: A sizeable proportion of rural adults have poor sleep. Presence of morbidity was a significant predictor of poor sleep.

How to Cite

1.
Sivanesan S, Rao CR, Mallya SD, Kumar U, Kamath A. Descriptive analysis of sleep quality and its determinants among rural population of coastal Karnataka. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2022 Dec. 31 [cited 2023 Feb. 6];34(4):554-9. Available from: https://iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/2420

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

National Sleep Foundation. Sleep-awake cycle: Its physiology and impact on health. Washington DC: 2006. Available from URL: https://sleepfoundation.org/sites/default/files/SleepWakeCycle.pdf . Accessed on 15/12/2022

Knutson KL. Role of sleep duration and quality in the risk and severity of type 2 diabetes Mellitus. Arch Intern Med. 2006;166(16):1768–74. [PubMed: 16983057]. doi:10.1001/archinte.166.16.1768

Flaherty JH. Insomnia among hospitalized older adults. Clin Geriatr Med. 2008;24(1):51–67. [PubMed: 18035231]. doi: 10.1016/j.cger.2007.08.012.

Panda S, Taly AB, Sinha S, Gururaj G, Girish N, Nagaraja D. Sleep-related disorders among a healthy population in South India. Neurol India. 2012;60(1):68–74. doi: 10.4103/0028-3886.93601.

Dolezal BA, Neufeld E V., Boland DM, Martin JL, Cooper CB. Interrelationship between Sleep and Exercise: A Systematic Review. Adv Prev Med. 2017;2017:1–14. doi: 10.1155/2017/1364387.

University of Pittsburgh, Sleep Medicine Institute, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Available from URL: http://www.sleep.pitt.edu/content.asp?id=1484&subid=2316 . Accessed on 15/12/2022

Koyanagi A, Garin N, Olaya B, Ayuso-Mateos JL, Chatterji S, Leonardi M, et al. Chronic conditions and sleep problems among adults aged 50 years or over in nine countries: A multi-country study. PLoS One. 2014;9(12):1–17. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0114742. eCollection 2014.

World Health Organisation (WHO). WHO | Waist Circumference and Waist–Hip Ratio. Report of a WHO Expert Consultation. Geneva, 8-11 December 2008:8–11. Available from URL: https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/9789241501491 .Accessed on 15/12/2022

James PA, Oparil S, Carter BL, et al. 2014 Evidence-Based Guideline for the Management of High Blood Pressure in Adults: Report From the Panel Members Appointed to the Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC 8). JAMA. 2014;311(5):507–520. doi:10.1001/jama.2013.284427

George S, Paul G, Paul N. Study on sleep quality and associated psychosocial factors among elderly in a rural population of Kerala, India. Int J Community Med Public Heal. 2018;5(2):526. http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20180114

Das S, Roy RN, Das DK, Chakraborty A, Mondal R. Sleep Quality and its various correlates: A community-based study among geriatric population in a community development block of Purba Bardhaman district, West Bengal. J Family Med Prim Care 2020;9(3):1510-6. doi: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_1021_19.

Ganesan V, Ganesan DK, Fulse G, Shah J. A study on assessment of sleep quality amongst patients attending a rural hospital in Kancheepuram, Tamilnadu, India. Int J Community Med Public Heal. 2019;6(5):1996

Gouthaman R, Devi R. Descriptive study on sleep quality and its associated factors among elderly in urban population: Chidambaram. Int J Community Med Public Heal. 2019;6(5):1999.

Rai SN, Sherkhane MS. Assessment of Quality of Sleep among Urban Working Women Using Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Natl J Community Med 2017; 8 (12):705-709

Aliabadi S, Moodi M, Miri MR, Tahergorabi Z, Mohammadi R. Sleep Quality and Its Contributing Factors Among Elderly People: A Descriptive-Analytical Study. Mod Care J. 2017;14(1):1–7.

Luo J, Zhu G, Zhao Q, Guo Q, Meng H, Hong Z, et al. Prevalence and risk factors of poor sleep quality among chinese elderly in an urban community: Results from the Shanghai aging study. PLoS One. 2013;8(11):1–7.

Mondal H, Mondal S, Baidya C. Comparison of perceived sleep quality among urban and rural adult population by Bengali Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Adv Hum Biol. 2018;8(1):36.

Shittu RO, Issa BA, Olanrewaju GT, Odeigah LO, Sule AG, et al. Association between Subjective Sleep Quality, Hypertension, Depression and Body Mass Index in a Nigerian Family Practice Setting. J Sleep Disorders Ther 2014. 3(2): 157

Most read articles by the same author(s)