Prevalence of Smartphone Addiction and its Relation with Depression among School-going Adolescents
Keywords:Adolescent, Child, Aged, 80 and over Smartphone, Internet Addiction Disorder, Patient Health Questionnaire, Prevalence, Screen Time, Cross-Sectional Studies, Depression, Schools Parents, Software, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S.
Background: Smartphone addiction among adolescents is an increasingly recognized problem worldwide. It affects the
psychological well-being of an individual.
Aim and objective: The current study aimed to assess smartphone addiction’s prevalence and its relation to depression among adolescents.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 400 school-going adolescents. Smartphone Addiction Scale - Short version (SAS-SV) and Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) were used to assess the prevalence of smartphone addiction and depression. Data were analyzed using Epi info software for windows (CDC, Atlanta). Statistical significance was set at p < 0.05. Results: The mean age of study participants was 14.4 years (SD=1.5 years). The prevalence of smartphone addiction was 23%, while depression was present among 45% of the study participants. Comparatively higher duration of smartphone use was significantly associated with smartphone addiction. Depression was significantly higher among smartphone addicts (77.2%) as compared to their counterparts (35.4%).
Conclusion and Recommendation: The smartphone usage of adolescents, if not monitored, could lead to its addiction and thus increase the risk of depression among them. To prevent smartphone addiction, limiting children’s screen time is recommended. In this regard, parents can play a pivotal role by becoming responsible digital role models for their children.
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