Association of Dietary and Physical Activity Patterns and Hypertension in Western Rajasthan, 2022





Humans, Adult, Child, Preschool, Middle Aged, Vegetables, Prevalence, Odds Ratio, Coronary Artery Disease, Fruit, Case-Control Studies, Plant Oils, Sample Size, Body Mass Index, Noncommunicable Diseases, Hypertension, Life Style

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Original Article



Introduction: Hypertension (HTN) is a modifiable risk factor for coronary artery disease, heart failure, cerebrovascular disease and chronic renal failure. HTN affects about 1 billion people globally; by 2025, up to 1.58 billion adults worldwide are likely to suffer from complications of HTN. This study was done to know the diet and physical activity patterns and HTN among the population of three districts of Western Rajasthan.

Objectives: To study the dietary and physical activity patterns among the population of Western Rajasthan. and to compare key findings among three districts Pali, Jodhpur and Barmer so that lifestyle changes can be recommended.

Methods: A case-control study was done among attendees of NCD clinics of tertiary-level centers in Pali, Barmer and Jodhpur. Hospital Controls were matched to age (± 5 years) and gender Considering the prevalence of HTN to be 20%*, the proportion of exposure in the general population as 0.2, odds ratio to be 2.2, power =80%, alpha=5% sample size is estimated to be 102 cases & 102 controls (from each district).

Results: Overall being married (OR= 3.3), having diabetes Cardiac disease (OR= 2.6), excessive salt consumption (OR= 2.7), moderate physical exercise less than 30 minutes (OR=1.9), using oil other than vegetable oil(OR=1.8) , Age >?60 years (OR =1.4) were the key risk factors. It was found that high BMI (BMI>27), consumption of non-vegetable oils (12.7%) was highest in Jodhpur, lack of moderate exercise for at least 30 minutes (81%), lack of sports activity (92%) was highest in Pali, least number of days/week of fruits and vegetables consumption (~1.64 days) was seen in Barmer.

Conclusions: Change in quantity of salt consumption and incorporation of moderate physical exercise for >30 minutes was most followed in control of HTN among the attendees of NCD Clinics from the multiple advise given.

How to Cite

Sinha LN, Tanwar D, Choudhary HM, Choudhary S, Mathur N, Rathore R, Saran R, Deep A. Association of Dietary and Physical Activity Patterns and Hypertension in Western Rajasthan, 2022. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2023 Mar. 31 [cited 2023 May 31];35(1):46-51. Available from:


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