Vitamin D and Calcium Levels among Women of Reproductive Age Group from Northern India




Vitamin D, Socioeconomic Class, Calcium, Prevalence, Reproductive Age Women


Background: Vitamin D deficiency has been related to poor bone health, increased risk of PIH, obstructed labour, vaginosis and LBW baby among women of reproductive age. Aims &Objectives: To evaluate the serum calcium and vitamin D levels of reproductive age group women and their relation with sociodemographic parameters. Material &Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among non-pregnant and non-lactating women aged 15-49 years, attending the OPD for any musculoskeletal complaints. The study participants were subjected to a pretested questionnaire for capturing information regarding their sociodemographic parameters. Non fasting blood samples were obtained for biochemical analysis of serum vitamin D and calcium. Results: The mean serum vitamin D and calcium levels were 20.94±10.61 ng/ml and 4.82±0.87 mg/dl respectively. The median serum vitamin D levels were 18.1 ng/ml with IQR of 12.43-28.00 ng/ml. The median serum vitamin D levels were significantly less among women residing in rural area and those who were unmarried/separated. Vitamin D level were highest in middle and lowest in upper socioeconomic status (p=0.007). Conclusion: Vitamin D deficiency is more pronounced among women from rural background and those who were unmarried/separated. These women are susceptible to development of osteoporosis and pregnancy related complications in later age.


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How to Cite

Singh N, Kumar D, Gupta AK, Mishra SR, Yadav G, Srivastava MK. Vitamin D and Calcium Levels among Women of Reproductive Age Group from Northern India. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2023 Sep. 30 [cited 2024 Apr. 16];35(3):292-6. Available from:



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