Attrition Analysis and Retention Strategies Among Staff Nurses – A Survey Study
Keywords:Attrition Analysis, Retention Strategies, Staff Nurses, Counselling
Background: In most countries’ nurses are in short supply, but not as acute as in developing countries. An advanced world fulfils its role by attracting nurses from other countries, while developing countries cannot compete with higher wages. Aims & Objective: The current study was undertaken to analyse the reason for attrition and strategies for retention among staff nurses working at Saveetha Medical College and Hospital, Chennai. Material & Methods: The subjects from the hospital about 50 nurses were selected for this study by simple random sampling method. The research design was organized and analyzed in terms of both descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: The study findings showed that a vast majority of nurses i.e. 35 samples (70%) had high attrition rate and 15 samples (30%) had moderate attrition rate. The attrition rate may vary in association with demographic variables results of the research showed that recommended counselling and social assistance will help and improve the quality of life of nurses and allow them to retain in the same hospital. Conclusion: The nurse administrator should motivate the staff nurses by conducting programs for their good lifestyle. Many service education programs should be organized for nurses to update their knowledge.
Campbell J, Buchan J, Cometto G, David B, Dussault G, Fogstad H, et al. Human resources for health and universal health coverage: fostering equity and effective coverage. Bull World Heal Organ. 2013; 91: 853-63.
ILO. World Social Protection Report 2014/15. Geneva: International Labour Office; 2014.
WHO. Global momentum for human resources for health at the Sixty-ninthWorld Health Assembly. 2016. http://www.who.int/hrh/news/2016/hwf_wha16_global-momentum/en/ [Accessed on 17/06/2019].
Kollar E, Buyx A. Ethics and policy of medical brain drain: a review. Swiss Med Wkly. 2013;143:w13845. doi: 10.4414/smw.2013.13845. eCollection 2013. Review. PubMed PMID: 24163012.[PubMed].
Serour GI. Healthcare workers and the brain drain. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2009 Aug;106(2):175-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ijgo.2009.03.035. Epub 2009 Jun 16. PubMed PMID: 19535068.[PubMed].
Ono T, Lafortune G, Schoenstein M. Health workforce planning in OECD countries: A review of 26 projection models from 18 countries. OECD health working papers. No. 62, OECD publishing, Paris. 2013.
Tangcharoensathien V, Travis P. Accelerate implementation of the WHO global code of practice on international recruitment of health personnel: Experiences from the south East Asia region comment on relevance and Effectiveness of the WHO global code practice on the international recruit. Int J Heal Policy Manag 2015; 5: 43-6.
Cometto G, Tulenko K, Muula AS, Krech R. Health workforce brain drain: from denouncing the challenge to solving the problem. PLoS Med. 2013;10(9):e1001514. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001514. Epub 2013 Sep 17. PubMed PMID: 24068895; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3775719.[PubMed]
Dovlo D. Wastage in the health workforce: some perspectives from African countries. Hum Resour Health. 2005 Aug 10;3:6. doi: 10.1186/1478-4491-3-6. PubMed PMID: 16092964; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1198245.[PubMed]
Campbell N, McAllister L, Eley D. The influence of motivation in recruitment and retention of rural and remote allied health professionals: a literature review. Rural Remote Health. 2012; 12: 1-15.
Schoo AM, Stagnitti KE, Mercer C, Dunbar J. A conceptual model for recruitment and retention: allied health workforce enhancement in Western Victoria, Australia. Rural Remote Health. 2005; 5: 477-482.
Lassiter SS. Staff nurse retention: strategies for success. J Neurosci Nurs. 1989 Apr;21(2):104-7. PubMed PMID: 2523445.[PubMed].
Chen LC, Perng SJ, Chang FM, Lai HL. Influence of work values and personality traits on intent to stay among nurses at various types of hospital in Taiwan. J Nurs Manag. 2016 Jan;24(1):30-8. doi: 10.1111/jonm.12268. Epub 2014 Nov 5. PubMed PMID: 25378052.[PubMed].
Flinkman M, Salanterä S. Early career experiences and perceptions - a qualitative exploration of the turnover of young registered nurses and intention to leave the nursing profession in Finland. J Nurs Manag. 2015 Nov;23(8):1050-7. doi: 10.1111/jonm.12251. Epub 2014 Sep 3. PubMed PMID: 25186284.[PubMed].
Macken L, Hyrkas K. Work climate, communication and culture--workforce issues and staff retention. J Nurs Manag. 2014 Nov;22(8):951-2. doi: 10.1111/jonm.12275. PubMed PMID: 25363071.[PubMed].
Takase M, Teraoka S, Yabase K. Retaining the nursing workforce: factors contributing to the reduction of nurses' turnover intention in Japan. J Nurs Manag. 2016 Jan;24(1):21-9. doi: 10.1111/jonm.12266. Epub 2014 Nov 11. PubMed PMID: 25385026.[PubMed].
Cicolini G, Comparcini D, Simonetti V. Workplace empowerment and nurses' job satisfaction: a systematic literature review. J Nurs Manag. 2014 Oct;22(7):855-71. doi: 10.1111/jonm.12028. Epub 2013 Jan 21. Review. PubMed PMID: 25298049.[PubMed].
Doran D, Jeffs L, Rizk P, Laporte DR, Chilcote AM, Bai YQ. Evaluating the late career nurse initiative: a cross-sectional survey of senior nurses in Ontario. J Nurs Manag. 2015 Oct;23(7):859-67. doi: 10.1111/jonm.12227. Epub 2014 Mar 17. PubMed PMID: 24628905.[PubMed].
Al-Hamdan Z, Nussera H, Masa'deh R. Conflict management style of Jordanian nurse managers and its relationship to staff nurses' intent to stay. J Nurs Manag. 2016 Mar;24(2):E137-45. doi: 10.1111/jonm.12314. Epub 2015 Jun 1. PubMed PMID: 26032960.[PubMed].
Liang HF, Lin CC, Wu KM. Breaking through the dilemma of whether to continue nursing: Newly graduated nurses' experiences of work challenges. Nurse Educ Today. 2018 Aug;67:72-76. doi: 10.1016/j.nedt.2018.04.025. Epub 2018 May 4. PubMed PMID: 29778986.[PubMed].
Alotaibi J, Paliadelis PS, Valenzuela FR. Factors that affect the job satisfaction of Saudi Arabian nurses. J Nurs Manag. 2016 Apr;24(3):275-82. doi: 10.1111/jonm.12327. Epub 2015 Aug 11. PubMed PMID: 26260125.[PubMed].
Spence Laschinger HK, Zhu J, Read E. New nurses' perceptions of professional practice behaviours, quality of care, job satisfaction and career retention. J Nurs Manag. 2016 Jul;24(5):656-65. doi: 10.1111/jonm.12370. Epub 2016 Mar 2. PubMed PMID: 26932145.[PubMed].
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2019 Indian Journal of Community Health
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.