Delay in diagnosis and treatment among registered TB patients in Directly Observed Treatment Short Course cum Designated Microscopy Centres in South Delhi
Keywords:Tuberculosis, RNTCP, Patients Delay, Health Care System Delay
Background: Knowing delays in treatment seeking and subsequent treatment initiation among the TB patients is important and its detailed understanding is crucial in modifying the treatment seeking behaviour which can help in reducing the TB burden and the transmission in the community. Aim & Objective: To study the treatment seeking behaviour including the delays in initiation of treatment along with its determinants; among tuberculosis patients aged > 15 years in Mehrauli area of Delhi. Settings and Design: A longitudinal follow up study conducted in two randomly selected DMC cum DOTS centres in Mehrauli area of Delhi from January 2018 to April 2018. Methods and Material: Patients of both sexes of age > 15 years, registered under RNTCP from January to April 2018 in the randomly selected DOTS centres i.e. Mehrauli DMC cum DOTS and Chattarpur DMC cum DOTS centre were included in the study. Self-designed, pretested interview schedule and records of DMC were used to collect the relevant information. Statistical analysis used: Information collected in the Performa was coded and entered in Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 12. Results: The mean patients delay, diagnostic delay, treatment delay, health care system delay and total delay was 48.91 ± 130.38 days, 91.09 ± 155.97 days, 6.25 ± 6.29 days, 62.72 ± 119.48 days and 97.33 ± 155.06 days respectively. The median patients delay, diagnostic delay, treatment delay, health care system delay and total delay was 15 days, 45 days, 5 days, 35 days and 54 days respectively. Conclusions: The major reasons for patient’s delay were lack of awareness regarding the symptoms of TB and self-medication and for health care system delay it was treatment from private health care providers.
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