Knowledge, attitude, practice and pattern of substance use among adolescents and young adults from Aligarh, India

KAP of substance use among adolescents

Authors

  • Nafis Faizi Assistant Professor, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College & Hospital, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4634-6790
  • Yasir Alvi Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Hamdard Institute of Medical Science & Research, New Delhi https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8601-4440
  • Ambika Saraswat Department of Community Medicine, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College & Hospital, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India
  • Mohd Yasir Zubair Department of Community Medicine, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College & Hospital, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India

Keywords:

Substance use; drug; addiction; youth; narcotics

Abstract

Introduction: Substance use disorders are significant public health problem among adolescents and young adults. Thus, we conducted this study to observe knowledge, attitude, and practice of substance use among adolescents and young adults. Material: A cross-sectional study was conducted at 10 schools and colleges from Aligarh. A total of 1431 students were approached with study tools comprising of pre-structured proforma comprising of knowledge, attitude, and practice items. Results: We observed that most of the students (89%) had some knowledge about substance use. Risk-taking attitude was common even against drugs like cocaine and charas (30.6% and 29.1% respectively). A high prevalence of ever user and current user was observed (33.3% and 12.9% respectively). The mean age of starting the drug in students and their friends was 15.5 ±2.7 and 16.2 ±2.8 years respectively. Among the ever users, tobacco smoking (56.6) and alcohol (47.6%) were most common. Stress (57.9%) was most common reason to use drugs. Males and college students (40.6% and 41.2% respectively) were using it more. Conclusion: This study found half-baked knowledge, propensity towards a risk-taking attitude and a substantial prevalence of substance use practices. Proper action and further researches are required to explore variables associated with reducing prevalence.

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Published

2021-12-31

How to Cite

1.
Faizi N, Alvi Y, Saraswat A, Yasir Zubair M. Knowledge, attitude, practice and pattern of substance use among adolescents and young adults from Aligarh, India: KAP of substance use among adolescents. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2021 Dec. 31 [cited 2022 Jan. 17];33(4). Available from: https://iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/2138

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Section

Original Article (IAPSM Member PG Thesis Only)