Poor social distancing attitudes and practices may drive community transmission of COVID-19 – A Knowledge Attitude Practice study among the general population of Odisha, India

Published

2021-12-31

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47203/IJCH.2021.v33i04.018

Keywords:

Epidemics, Pandemic, Community Participation, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Corona Virus 2, Knowledge

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Section

Original Article

Authors

  • Jyotiranjan Sahoo IMS and SUM Hospital (COVID-19 Hospital), Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan deemed to be University, Odisha, India
  • Sandeep Kumar Panigrahi IMS and SUM Hospital (COVID-19 Hospital), Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan deemed to be University, Odisha, India
  • Venkatarao Epari IMS and SUM Hospital (COVID-19 Hospital), Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan deemed to be University, Odisha, India https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1841-352X

Abstract

Background: Knowledge, attitude, and practice of the community can determine progress from localized to community transmission of COVID-19 in India. Aims and Objectives: To assess the knowledge, attitude and practice levels of the general population during the early phase of COVID-19 pandemic. Materials and Methods: A rapid cross-sectional survey was conducted among hospital visitors of a lead tertiary care hospital. Realtime data collection from 223 respondents was done and analyzed using Stata 12.1 SE. Results: Mean age was 38.2 ±13.5 years, 68.2% were males, mean education was 12.1 ± 3.7 years and 45.3% were gainfully employed. Almost all had heard about CORONA (221, 99.1%). Adequate knowledge was present on: a) mode of spread (48.0%); b) preventive measures (70.9%). Television (77.1%), social media (60.5%) and WhatsApp (44.0%) were sources of information. Positive attitude was seen for: a) wearing a mask (83.9%); b) health-seeking (85%) on presenting with symptoms; c) Self-isolation or home-quarantine (20%). Adequate knowledge towards the mode of spread, symptoms and control measures or positive attitudes for health-seeking were found to positively translate into correct practices (p?0.001). Conclusion: Attitudes and practices of social distancing, self-isolation or home-quarantine were not adequate to prevent the epidemic progress in India.

How to Cite

1.
Sahoo J, Panigrahi SK, Epari V. Poor social distancing attitudes and practices may drive community transmission of COVID-19 – A Knowledge Attitude Practice study among the general population of Odisha, India. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2021 Dec. 31 [cited 2022 Aug. 19];33(4):647-51. Available from: https://iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/2209

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