The knowledge and attitudes towards domestic violence among pregnant women in Delhi, India: a facility-based study

Knowledge of domestic violence in pregnant women

Authors

  • Suneela Garg Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi
  • M M Singh Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi
  • Saurav Basu Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1336-8720

Keywords:

Domestic violence; Intimate partner violence; Violence against women; Antenatal women

Abstract

Background

Domestic violence during pregnancy endangers the health of the mother and her child.

Aim and Objective

To ascertain the knowledge and attitudes towards domestic violence among pregnant women in India and to find out their sociodemographic predictors.

Settings and design

This cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from a prospective study was conducted at the antenatal care (ANC) clinic of a major tertiary care government hospital in New Delhi from 2015-2018.

Methods and material

The data were collected through face-to-face interviews with 1500 pregnant women up to 20 weeks of gestation. A p-value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results

The mean (SD) age of the participants was 24.6 (3.6) years. All the participants were married. A total of 1169 (77.9%) participants were aware of domestic violence. The participant comprehension of the types of domestic violence was highest for physical (89.9%), emotional (68.4%), economical (21.5%), and sexual (17.4%) violence. On adjusted analysis, education ?10 years and higher SES were associated with a comprehensive awareness of domestic violence. Although 77.3% of the participants agreed that violence was prevalent in Indian households, a majority (50.3%) disagreed that men used violence to exercise their dominance over women. Moreover, 14% participants affirmed the husband's 'right' to beat their wife for any 'wrong done by her.'

Conclusions

The awareness of domestic violence, especially beyond physical violence, is low among pregnant women in India. Nevertheless, the acceptance of domestic violence among women in India has significantly declined, including in those having lesser education or incomes.

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Author Biographies

Suneela Garg, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi

Professor of Excellence, Department of Community Medicine, New Delhi

M M Singh, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi

Director Professor & Head, Department of Community Medicine, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi

Saurav Basu, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi

Senior Resident, Department of Community Medicine, New Delhi

 

Current Affiliation: Assistant Professor, Indian Institute of Public Health - Delhi, New Delhi

Published

2021-12-31

How to Cite

1.
Garg S, SSingh M, Basu S. The knowledge and attitudes towards domestic violence among pregnant women in Delhi, India: a facility-based study: Knowledge of domestic violence in pregnant women. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2021 Dec. 31 [cited 2022 Jan. 17];33(4). Available from: https://iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/2243

Issue

Section

Original Article (IAPSM Member PG Thesis Only)