The knowledge and attitudes towards domestic violence among pregnant women in Delhi, India: a facility-based study
Knowledge of domestic violence in pregnant women
Keywords:Domestic violence; Intimate partner violence; Violence against women; Antenatal women
Domestic violence during pregnancy endangers the health of the mother and her child.
Aim and Objective
To ascertain the knowledge and attitudes towards domestic violence among pregnant women in India and to find out their sociodemographic predictors.
Settings and design
This cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from a prospective study was conducted at the antenatal care (ANC) clinic of a major tertiary care government hospital in New Delhi from 2015-2018.
Methods and material
The data were collected through face-to-face interviews with 1500 pregnant women up to 20 weeks of gestation. A p-value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
The mean (SD) age of the participants was 24.6 (3.6) years. All the participants were married. A total of 1169 (77.9%) participants were aware of domestic violence. The participant comprehension of the types of domestic violence was highest for physical (89.9%), emotional (68.4%), economical (21.5%), and sexual (17.4%) violence. On adjusted analysis, education ?10 years and higher SES were associated with a comprehensive awareness of domestic violence. Although 77.3% of the participants agreed that violence was prevalent in Indian households, a majority (50.3%) disagreed that men used violence to exercise their dominance over women. Moreover, 14% participants affirmed the husband's 'right' to beat their wife for any 'wrong done by her.'
The awareness of domestic violence, especially beyond physical violence, is low among pregnant women in India. Nevertheless, the acceptance of domestic violence among women in India has significantly declined, including in those having lesser education or incomes.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Indian Journal of Community Health
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.