The Role of integrated therapy and nutritional counselling in treating malnourished children in M-East ward Mumbai, India: A Longitudinal Study

Authors

  • Amit Kumar Nohwar Dr D Y Patil Medical College and Hospital https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3807-3478
  • Vaishali Venu Doctors for You
  • Ravikant Singh Homi Bhabha Cancer Hospital and research centre

Keywords:

Ready to Use Therapeutic Food (RUTF), malnourishment, counselling, slums

Abstract

Background: Under-nutrition is a big risk factor for increasing the morbidity and mortality burden in the society. Acute malnutrition contributes to almost 61% of diarrheal and 53% of pneumonia deaths. In urban slums like M-East ward, Mumbai, acute malnutrition prevalence ranges from 16% to 59.8%.

Objectives: To assess the outcome of weight gain by providing nutritional supplements to the undernourished children along with nutritional counseling.

Materials and Methods: RUTF (Ready-to-Use Therapeutic Food) and Hyderabad mix with nutritional counselling to parents of children were used to reduce the undernourishment among the under-five children in slums of this ward. Six hundred and fifty malnourished children and their caregivers were provided nutritional supplement and nutritional counselling over 6 months.

Results: There was steady wight gain of enrolled children. Highest weight gain occurred over 13th week of the program.

Conclusion: A minimum of thirteen weeks nutritional supplement program including fortnightly counselling is necessary and sufficient for converting undernourished children to normal.

Key words: Ready to Use Therapeutic Food (RUTF), malnourishment, counselling, slums, Mumbai

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Author Biographies

Amit Kumar Nohwar, Dr D Y Patil Medical College and Hospital

Assistant Professor

Vaishali Venu, Doctors for You

Director- Health & Nutrition

Ravikant Singh, Homi Bhabha Cancer Hospital and research centre

Associate Professor

Published

2022-01-03

How to Cite

1.
Nohwar AK, Venu V, Singh R. The Role of integrated therapy and nutritional counselling in treating malnourished children in M-East ward Mumbai, India: A Longitudinal Study. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2022 Jan. 3 [cited 2022 Jan. 17];33(4). Available from: https://iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/2253

Issue

Section

Original Article (IAPSM Member PG Thesis Only)