Knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards COVID-19 among blood donors during the COVID-19 outbreak




Blood Donors, COVID-19, Practices


Background: Assessments of the blood donors’ knowledge, attitudes, practices, and perceptions of this infection are essential for controlling the spread of COVID-19. Aim and objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the KAP among blood donors towards COVID 19 pandemic and how to increase the number of blood donations during pandemic. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted among 630 blood donors at the Department of Transfusion Medicine, at a tertiary care center in North India. It was an observational study. Statistical analysis: The data were analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney test. To correlate variables Chi-square test was used. Results: The knowledge score of demographic variables marital status, education & occupation showed a significant association, while its association with age, gender, and religion was insignificant. The entire demographic variables under study showed a significant association with Attitude questionnaire 1. According to univariate analysis, the variables Intercept, Unemployed and Physical Labour showed significant impact on knowledge level with the corresponding effect size 0.10 and 0.022. Conclusions: This study reveals that blood donors have good knowledge with positive attitudes and practices. By improving the knowledge with the help of health education platforms, the number of blood donations will also increase.


Download data is not yet available.


COVID-19 Data in motion [Internet]. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Coronavirus Resource Center; Cited 2022 September 25]. Available from:

Covid-19 India [Internet]. New Delhi: MOHFW; Cited 2022 September 25]. Available From:

Jiang F, Deng L, Zhang L, Cai Y, Cheung CW, Xia Z. Review of the Clinical Characteristics of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). J Gen Intern Med. 2020;35(5):1545-9.

Zhou F, Yu T, Du R, Fan G, Liu Y, Liu Z et al. Clinical course and risk factors for mortality of adult inpatients with COVID-19 in Wuhan, China: a retrospective cohort study. The Lancet 2020;395(10229):1054–62.

Guan W, Ni Z, Hu Y, Liang W, Ou C, He J et al. Clinical Characteristics of Coronavirus Disease 2019 in China. N Engl J Med. 2020;382:1708-20.

Wang D, Hu B, Hu C, Zhu F, Liu X, Zhang J et al. Clinical Characteristics of 138 Hospitalized Patients with 2019 Novel Coronavirus-Infected Pneumonia in Wuhan, China. JAMA 2020;323(11):1061-9.

Ramadan N., Shaib H. Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV): A review. Germs. 2019;9(1):35-42.

Zhong N., Zheng B., Li Y., Poon, Xie, Z., Chan, K. et al. Epidemiology and cause of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in Guangdong, People's Republic of China, in February, 2003. Lancet 2003; 362(9393):1353-8.

Raturi M, Kusum A.The blood supply management amid the COVID-19 outbreak. Transfus Clin Biol. 2020;27(3):147-51.

Geldsetzer P. Using rapid online surveys to assess perceptions during infectious disease outbreaks?: a cross-sectional survey on Covid- 19. J Med Internet Res. 2020;22(4):e18790.

Drugs And Cosmetics Act, 2020. The Gazette of India: Extraordinary. CG-DL-E-11032020-218602. 2020;142 available from (accessed on 2022 September 25)

Zhou X, Xiu C, Chu Q. Prevention and treatment knowledge and attitudes towards SARS of urban residents in Qingdao. Prev Med Trib. 2004;16(10):407-8.

Liu Z, Gao H, Zhang S. Prevention and treatment knowledge towards SARS of urban population in Jinan. Prev Med Trib. 2004; (16)10:659-60.

Chen S, Qiu Z, Xu L, Chen J, Lin Y, Yang Y. People groups' responses to SARS in the community. Chinese Rural Health Service Administration. 2003;23(6):15-8.

Zhang X, Sun Y, Ye D, Sun Z, Su H, Ni J, et al. Analysis on mental health status of community residents in Hefei during SARS spread. Chin J Dis Contr Prev. 2003;7: 280-2.

Jiao J, Tang X, Li H, Chen J, Xiao Y, Li A, et al. Survey of knowledge of villagers in prevention and control of SARS in Hainan Province. China Tropical Medicine. 2005; 5: 703-5.

Lee M, Kang BA, You M. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) toward COVID-19: a cross-sectional study in South Korea. BMC Public Health. 2021;21(1):1–10.

Al-Hanawi MK, Angawi K, Alshareef N, Qattan AMN, Helmy HZ, Abudawood Y, et al. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Toward COVID-19 Among the Public in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A Cross-Sectional Study. Front Public Heal. 2020;8(217):1–10.

Erfani A, Shahriarirad R, Ranjbar K, Mirahmadizadeh A, Moghadami M. Knowledge, attitude and practice toward the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak- A population-based survey in Iran. Bull World Health Organ. E-pub: 30 March 2020. 10.2471/BLT.20.256651




How to Cite

Singh A, Maurya PK, Solanki A, Chandra T, Sachan B. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards COVID-19 among blood donors during the COVID-19 outbreak. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2022 Sep. 30 [cited 2024 May 22];34(3):367-73. Available from:



Original Article

Most read articles by the same author(s)