A Study of Clinico-social Profile of Animal Bite Patients Attending the Antirabies Clinic of BRD Medical College, Gorakhpur

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47203/IJCH.2022.v35i01.004

Keywords:

Humans, Adult, Child, Male, Dogs, Animals, Young Adult, Middle Aged, Female, Cross-Sectional Studies, Bites and Stings, Rabies, Universities, Surveys and Questionnaires, Vaccination, Students, Immunoglobulins, Lower Extremity, Demography

Abstract

Background: Rabies is one of zoonotic viral disease, estimated to cause 59000 human deaths annually in over 150 countries, of which 20,000 are from India alone; about 40% of which are in children under the age of 15. Rabies though 100% fatal is preventable with post-exposure prophylaxis which includes wound washing, anti-rabies vaccination and rabies immunoglobulin.

Objective: To describe the clinico-social profile of animal bite patients attending the anti-rabies clinic of BRD Medical College, Gorakhpur.

Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the anti-rabies clinic of Nehru hospital, BRD Medical College, Gorakhpur from January 2022 to May 2022. Study participants were interviewed by using a pre-phrased, pre-designed and pre-tested questionnaire. Data regarding socio-demographic and clinical profile of the study participants following animal bite exposure was collected.

Results: The total number of animal bite victims were 250, in which majority of them were males (76.77%) and highest percentage was of adult population (20-59 years). Maximum number of victims were from rural area (78.70%). 19.35% were working and 39.35% were students. 77.43% were category III bites and in 50.96% cases lower limb was the site of bite and dogs were responsible for 89.67% of the bites. 60.64% victims did not wash the wound properly before reaching the anti-rabies clinic.

Conclusion: This study concludes that as majority of the animal bite victims were students and majority of victims were unaware about the importance of wound care, therefore a step can be taken to create awareness in various schools.

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Published

2023-03-31

How to Cite

1.
Singh P, Tiwari HC, Baranwal K, Srivastava DK. A Study of Clinico-social Profile of Animal Bite Patients Attending the Antirabies Clinic of BRD Medical College, Gorakhpur. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2023 Mar. 31 [cited 2024 Apr. 16];35(1):15-20. Available from: https://iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/2463

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