An Exploratory Study on Quality of Life among Road Traffic Accident Victims in India




Humans, Accidents, Traffic, Quality of Life, Surveys and Questionnaires, Family, Informed Consent


Background: Road traffic accidents are India’s sixth leading cause of mortality, with a substantial share of physical, psychosocial and economic losses in the productive age group.

Objectives: To explore the victims’ and stakeholders’ perceptions on quality of life among road traffic accident victims in India.

Methods: A qualitative study incorporating in-depth interviews among road traffic accident victims and key informant interviews among stakeholders was conducted from June to August 2019 (3 months) in Puducherry. Participants were selected using purposive sampling. Data was collected till the point of saturation with a semi-structured interview guide through six in-depth interviews among accident victims and six key informant interviews among stakeholders. Content analysis of the data was performed, and a conceptual framework was developed. Written informed consent from each participant was sought. Ethical clearance was obtained from the Institute Ethics Committee.

Results: Four themes were identified: reasons for road traffic accidents, problems faced by the victims, problems faced by the caretaker or family member, and preventive measures for road traffic injuries.

Conclusion: Physical, psychological, and financial problems were encountered by the victims, caretakers, and family members after a major road traffic accident. Accident victims felt that support from family members was indispensable in returning to normal life.


Download data is not yet available.


Peden M, Scurfield R, Sleet D, Hyder AA, Mathers C, Jarawan E, et al. World Report on Road Traffic Injury Prevention. World Health Organization;2004. [internet]; (accessed 11 January 2021). Available from injury_prevention.

Alam K, Mahal A. The Economic Burden of Road Traffic Injuries on Households in South Asia. Nugent RA, editor. PLOS ONE.2016;11(10):e0164362.

Aeron-Thomas A, Jacobs DGD, Sexton MB, Gururaj DG, Rahman DF. The involvement and impact of road crashes on the poor: Bangladesh and India case studies.2004;42.

Silcock R. Guidelines for estimating the cost of road crashes in developing countries. London: Department for International Development.2003.

Razzak JA, Bhatti JA, Ali M, Khan UR, Jooma R. Average out-of-pocket healthcare and work-loss costs of traffic injuries in Karachi, Pakistan. Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot.2011;18(3):199– 204.

Nithershini P, Dharmaratne S, Nugegoda D, Østbye T, LynchC. The incidence of road traffic inuries in Kandy, Sri Lanka. Inj Prev.2012;18(1):A213.1-A213.

Hasselberg M, Kirsebom M, Bäckström J, Berg H-Y, RissanenR. I did NOT feel like this at all before the accident: do men and women report different health and life consequences of a road traffic injury? Inj Prev.2019;25(4):307–12.

Paiva L, Alcalá Pompeo D, Aparecida Ciol M, Oliveira Arduini G, Spadoti Dantas RA, Venâncio de Senne EC, et al. Health status and the return to work after traffic accidents. Rev Bras Enferm.2016;69(3).

District census handbook of Puducherry [Internet]. Directorate of census operations, Puducherry UT, Ministry of home affairs; 2011 [cited 2021 January 11]. Available from: https:// PUDUCHERRY.pdf

Government of India. The Indian Majority Act, 1875 [Internet]. [cited 2021 Jan 11]. Available from: doc/80664820/

OECD health statistics 2017 definition, sources and methods

on injuries in road traffic accidents [Internet]. [cited 2021 January 11]. Available from: file/24146792/HEALTH-STAT-12-Injuries-in-road-traffic-accidentspdf/

McGee K, Sethi D, Peden M, Habibula S. Guidelines for conducting community surveys on injuries and violence. Inj Control Saf Promot.2004;11(4):303–6.

Tong A, Sainsbury P, Craig J. Consolidated criteria for reporting qualitative research (COREQ): a 32-item checklist for interviews and focus groups. Int J Qual Health Care. 2007;19(6):349–57.

Graneheim UH, Lundman B. Qualitative content analysis in nursing research: concepts, procedures and measures to achieve trustworthiness. Nurse education today.2004;24(2):105-12.

Ritchie J, Spencer L. Qualitative data analysis for applied policy research. Qual Res Companion.2002;573(2002):305–29.

WC Tsay SL, Elaine Bond A. Post?traumatic stress disorder, depression, anxiety and quality of life in patients with traffic? related injuries. J Adv Nurs.2005;51(1):22–30.

Barnes J, Thomas P. Quality of Life Outcomes in a Hospitalized Sample of Road Users Involved in Crashes. Annu Proc AssocAdv Automot Med.2006;50:253–68.

Gabbe BJ, Sleney JS, Gosling CM, Wilson K, Sutherland A, Hart M. Financial and employment impacts of serious injury: a qualitative study. Injury.2014;45(9):1445–51.

Sabet FP, Tabrizi KN, Khankeh HR, Saadat S, Abedi HA, Bastami A. Road Traffic Accident Victims’ Experiences of Return to Normal Life: A Qualitative Study. Iranian Red Crescent medical journal.2016;18(4):e29548.

Pilkington P, Bird E, Gray S, Towner E, Weld S, McKibben MA. Understanding the social context of fatal road traffic collisions among young people: a qualitative analysis of narrative text in coroners’ records. BMC public health.2014;14(1):78.

Choulagai B, Ling H, Sharma P, Mishra SR, Ahmed M, Chand PB. Epidemiology of road traffic accidents in Nepal: data review and qualitative analysis. SM J Public Health Epidemiol.2015;1(3):1014.

Kudebong M, Wurapa F, Nonvignon J, Nor man I, Awoonor-Williams JK, Aikins M. Economic burden of motorcycle accidents in Northern Ghana. Ghana medical journal.2011;45(4).135-42




How to Cite

Chellamuthu L, Kittu D, Bahurupi Y, Vasudevan K. An Exploratory Study on Quality of Life among Road Traffic Accident Victims in India. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2023 Mar. 31 [cited 2024 Jul. 14];35(1):60-5. Available from:



Original Article

Most read articles by the same author(s)