Socioeconomic and nutritional determinants of low birth weight babies: A hospital based study



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Original Article


  • Smiti Narain
  • Tanmay Prasad


According to the World Health Organization (WHO) definition, infants with birth weights of less than 2,500 grams are classified as low birth weight (LBW). LBW is a sensitive indicator for predicting the chances of both infant survival and healthy childhood growth and development, and it also reflects the present and past health status of the mother. LBW constitutes an important factor affecting neonatal mortality and morbidity. Objective: To find the incidence of low birth weight babies and its determinants Materials and methods: Present study was a cross sectional type. All mothers delivering live born singleton neonate in study place (Postnatal ward of Rohilkhand Medical College and hospital) were interviewed with pretested, predesigned schedule. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS version 21software and chi square test, OR etc. Results: Overall incidence of LBW was 20% and mean birth weight was 2776.85 + 383.6 gm LBW was found to be more common in the rural population and poor educational status. A higher incidence of LBW was seen in mothers with inadequate diet and those who were anaemic. Conclusion: Low birth weight still poses a fair problem in our perspective, and when we cannot control ethnic factors like height, or do a drastic socio-economic upliftment, some basic factors, like good ANC care, correcting anemia, and above all motivating the mother to follow some habits in the ANC period like adequate consumption of food and adequate rest, institutional deliveries shall take a long way forward in addressing the problem.

How to Cite

Narain S, Prasad T. Socioeconomic and nutritional determinants of low birth weight babies: A hospital based study. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2014 Dec. 31 [cited 2023 Feb. 3];26(Supp 2):152-5. Available from:


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