Burden of hypothyroidism amongst type 2 diabetics and hypertensive in Lucknow: A cross sectional study

Keywords: Type II diabetes mellitus, Hypertension, Hypothyroidism, Prevalence

Abstract

Introduction: The prevalence of hypothyroidism was reported in 4%–5% of the population in the developed world, while in the Indian population it was reported in around one in ten adults. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of hypothyroidism in Indian patients with T2DM and hypertension.

Material and methods: In this cross-sectional observational study, amongst adults who were aged 18 years and above and diagnosed T2DM, HTN, and T2DM + HTN who resided in the field practice areas of the Urban Health Training Centre of the Department of Community Medicine, Integral institute of medical sciences and research, Lucknow, India. The results were summarized by descriptive statistics.

Results:In the overall population, 159 (53.0%) were females and 141 (47.0%) were males. The mean age of the overall population was 53.1±11.3 years. Mean and standard deviation of thyroid function and glycemic indicators test observed that the levels of fT3, fT4, TSH, and glycemic indicators FPG, PPG, and HbA1c were identical.

Conclusion: Subclinical hypothyroid subjects should be regularly screened for HTN. Elderly patients had a higher proportion of thyroid dysfunction.

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Author Biographies

Mohammad Suhail Khan, Integral Institute of Medical Science & Research, Integral University

Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine

Anas Ahmad Khan, Assistant Professor

Department of Community Medicine, Integral Institute of Medical Science & Research, Integral University, Lucknow

Sheetal Verma, King George Medical University, Lucknow

Associate Professor, Department of Microbiology

Published
2020-12-31
How to Cite
1.
Kashyap S, Khan MS, Khan AA, Verma S. Burden of hypothyroidism amongst type 2 diabetics and hypertensive in Lucknow: A cross sectional study. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2020Dec.31 [cited 2021Jan.25];32(4). Available from: https://iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/1623
Section
Original Article