Impact of Lockdown 1.0-4.0 on spread of COVID-19 Pandemic in India




Lockdown, COVID-19, Impact, Pandemic


Novel Coronavirus Outbreak (COVID-19) was declared as a pandemic on 11th March 2020 by World Health Organization (WHO). This was a call for immediate action to be taken on by all countries in terms of stepping up treatment, detection, and reduction of transmission. A total of 26472012 confirmed cases with over 873229 deaths were reported as on 4th September 2020 worldwide. (1)

Government of India, initiated various Non-Pharmaceutical Intervention (NPI) to break the chain of transmission and prevent the spread of COVID-19, which included social distancing, and restricted public mobility like lockdown.

The largest COVID-19 national lockdown in India started on 25th march 2020. Still, India’s population of 1·3 billion across diverse states, health inequalities, widening economic and social disparities, and distinct cultural values present unique challenges.(2) Meanwhile nationwide lockdown was extended till 31st  may 2020 by Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India (Lockdown 4.0).(3) This lockdown strategy adopted by the country to curtail the impact and flatten/delay the peak of the COVID-19 pandemic, and it’s quantification may aid to plan future intervention strategies


Download data is not yet available.


Coronavirus Update (Live): 10,591,079 Cases and 514,021 Deaths from COVID-19 Virus Pandemic - Worldometer [Internet]. [cited 2020 Jul 1]. Available from:

FAQ.pdf [Internet]. [cited 2020 May 27]. Available from:

MHAOrderextension_1752020_0.pdf [Internet]. [cited 2020 May 27]. Available from:

COVID19-India API [Internet]. api. [cited 2020 May 26]. Available from:

The SIR Model for Spread of Disease - The Differential Equation Model | Mathematical Association of America [Internet]. [cited 2020 May 27]. Available from:

Wine shop open in Lockdown: Liquor shops open after 40 days, social distancing rules taken for a ride | India News - Times of India [Internet]. [cited 2020 May 26]. Available from:

The Lancet. India under COVID-19 lockdown. Lancet. 2020 Apr 25;395(10233):1315. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30938-7. PMID: 32334687; PMCID: PMC7180023.[PubMed].

Lau H, Khosrawipour V, Kocbach P, Mikolajczyk A, Schubert J, Bania J, et al. The positive impact of lockdown in Wuhan on containing the COVID-19 outbreak in China. J Travel Med [Internet]. 2020 Mar 17 [cited 2020 May 26]; Available from:

COVID-19 Map [Internet]. Johns Hopkins Coronavirus Resource Center. [cited 2020 May 27]. Available from:

Trump extends US social distancing until April 30: Live updates [Internet]. [cited 2020 May 27]. Available from:

Lack of compassion, more than resources, marks India’s deadly lockdown mismanagement [Internet]. France 24. 2020 [cited 2020 May 26]. Available from:




How to Cite

Ranjan A, Ayub A, Kumar A, Pandey S, Kumar P, Agarwal N. Impact of Lockdown 1.0-4.0 on spread of COVID-19 Pandemic in India. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2020 Sep. 30 [cited 2023 Nov. 29];32(3):598-600. Available from:



Short Article

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>