Strengthening of Emergency Obstetric Care services to improve accessibility and quality: A cross sectional study in rural areas
Keywords:EmOC Services, Emergency Obstetric Care, Rural Varanasi, Obstetric Care
Background: Emergency Obstetrics care is an integrated strategy developed by the WHO, UNFPA and UNICEF that aims to equip health facilities with the capacity to provide evidence based, cost effective interventions to attend the leading causes of maternal mortality.
Methods: A community based cross sectional study was conducted between April 2019 - July 2020. A total of 201 women who delivered in the last 6 months and who had complications during their pregnancy were included in the study. Facility assessment was done at two facilities of Chiraigaon block of Varanasi for the evaluation of Emergency Obstetric Care (EmOC) services.
Results: Findings show that only 41.8% respondents were able to reach the health facility in less than half-an-hour. Among total respondents (42%), who utilized government health facilities for EmOC services, only 19% were attended by the health providers within 1 hour.
Conclusion: Low percentage of respondents with complications were reaching the health facility within 30 minutes. Therefore, there is a strong need for strengthening basic EmOC facilities during complications.
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