Quality of life of people living with HIV/AIDS before and after receiving antiretroviral therapy
Keywords:WHOQOL-HIV, Antiretroviral therapy (ART), People living with HIV/ AIDS (PLHIV), Quality of life domains
Background- HIV/AIDS is a chronic illness. Besides having serious morbidities, opportunistic infections, it also adversely affects quality of life of People Living with HIV/AIDS (QOL- PLHIV). Early and prompt initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) might improve quality of life of PLHIV in various domains like psychological, physical, environment level of independence, social relationship and spirituality/religion/personal beliefs. Material and methods- The study was conducted at a medical institute of North India. Patients attending ART centre of the institute for the treatment of HIV/AIDS were interviewed on WHOQOL-HIV questionnaire. Aim and objectives- To assess and compare quality of life of people living with HIV/AIDS at initiation and after 6 months of receiving antiretroviral therapy. Result- QOL-PLHIV was improved in various domains when assessed after six months of receiving ART. For physical domain mean score increased from 12.83 to 13.85, for psychological domain from 12.54 to 14.31, for level of independence from 12.95 to 13.21, for social relationship from 12.46 to 14.15, for environment domain from 11.98 to 13.15 and for spirituality/religion/personal belief mean score increased from 11.41 to 11.96. Respective standard deviation was decreased when compared from before initiation of ART to six months after receiving ART. Conclusion – Quality of life of people living with HIV/AIDS was improved significantly after receiving ART.
Park K. Park’s text book of preventive and social medicine: AIDS. 26th edition. Jabalpur: M/s Banarsidas Bhanot Publishers; 2021.
Bernard EJ, editor. AIDS treatment update. The Dereck Buttler Trust; 2006.
Casado A. Measurement of quality of life of HIV individuals: Perspectives & future directions. Indian J Med Res. 2005 Oct; 122(4):282-284.
WHO. News room. WHO Geneva, 30 November 2021. Available at https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/hiv-aids. Accessed: December 09, 2021
NACO. HIV facts and figures. NACO New Delhi, 28 January 2021. Available at http://naco.gov.in/hiv-facts-figures . Accessed: Mar 25, 2022
Antiretroviral Therapy Cohort Collaboration. Life expectancy of individuals on combination antiretroviral therapy in high-income countries: a collaborative analysis of 14 cohort studies. The Lancet. 2008;372(9635):293-299.
Kucera KA. Case management of the HIV/AIDS client. Journal of case management.1998;7(2):62-66.
Greenberger E, Chen CS, Tally SR, Dong Q. Family, peer and individual correlates of depressive symptomology among US and Chinese adolescents. Journal of consulting and clinical psychology.2000; 68(2):209-219.
World Health Organization: the constitution of the World Health Organization. WHO Chron.1947;1:29.
WHO: WHOQOL–HIV Instrument user manual. Geneva, 2002. Available at https://www.who.int/mental_health/media/en/613.pdf Accessed: Mar 25, 2022
Motilewa OO, Ekanem US, Onayade A, Sule SS. A comparative study of health related quality of life among HIV patients on pre- HAART and HAART in Uyo South- Nigeria. Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals. 2015;7(2):60-68.
Cunha GH, Fiuza ML, Gir E, Aquino PD, Pinheiro AK, Galvao MT. Quality of life of men with AIDS and the model of social determinants of health. Rev. latino-Am. Enfermagem. 2015; 23(2):183-191.
Abraham S, Silva FD. Effectiveness of counseling on quality of life of patients with HIV/AIDS in selected ART centers of Mangalore. Asian journal of pharmaceutical and clinical research. 2014; 7(4): 169-172.
Samson P E, Ojong I N, Ella R, Edet OB. Quality of life people living with HIV/AIDS in Cross River Nigeria. International journal of Medicine and Biomedical research.2013;2(3):207-212.
Charles B, Jeyaseelan L, Pandian AK, Sam AE, Thenmozhi M, Jayaseelan V. Association between stigma, depression and quality of life of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA) in South India–a community based cross sectional study. BMC Public Health. 2012;12(1):1-11.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Indian Journal of Community Health
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.