Determinants of Reproductive Tract Infection among married women in rural and peri-urban areas of Aligarh: A cross sectional Study

https://doi.org/10.47203/IJCH.2022.v34i03.003

Published

2022-09-30

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47203/IJCH.2022.v34i03.003

Keywords:

Cross Sectional Study, Socio Economic Factors, Educational Status, Social Class

Dimensions Badge

Issue

Section

Original Article

Authors

Abstract

Background: Reproductive Tract Infections (RTI) have a direct impact on reproductive and child health through infertility, cancers, and pregnancy complications, and they have an indirect impact through their role in facilitating the sexual transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus. Objectives: To find the prevalence and determinants of RTI/STI among married women of reproductive age group in rural and peri-urban areas of Aligarh. Methods: The data were collected by using a pretested, semi-structured with both open and closed-ended questionnaire from 500 married women of reproductive age group. The collected data were analyzed using IBM SPSS 20.0 Proportion, frequencies, ?2, and logistic regression were used to interpret the data. Results: Prevalence of RTI/STI symptoms was found to (42.8%) in rural areas and 37.6 % in peri-urban areas. Strong association was found in study subjects having lower educational status, who were not using any contraceptive method, not following good menstrual hygiene, early marriage age had husband history of RTI/STI, had a history of abortion, had a history of violence, and increased parity. Conclusions: Prevalence of symptoms found to be associated with these females having low educational status, early age of marriage, high parity, partner history of reproductive Tract Infections, history of violence etc. So, there should be more focus on improvement in these factors to reduce the prevalence.

How to Cite

1.
Sharma S, Mehnaz S, Ansari MA, Abedi AJ. Determinants of Reproductive Tract Infection among married women in rural and peri-urban areas of Aligarh: A cross sectional Study: https://doi.org/10.47203/IJCH.2022.v34i03.003. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2022 Sep. 30 [cited 2022 Sep. 30];34(3):334-40. Available from: https://iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/2414

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Nations United. Report of the International Conference on Population and Development: Cairo 5-13 September 1994. New York: United Nations. 1995.

Top Level Push to Tackle Priorities in Sexual and Reproductive Health [online]. United Nations Population Fund. 2022. Available from: https://www.unfpa.org/press/top-level-push-tackle-priorities-sexual-and-reproductive-health . Accessed on 2/ 02/ 2022].

SAMA Resource Group for Women and Health. SEXUAL HEALTH AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH RIGHTS IN INDIA, April 2018. [online]. Available from: https://nhrc.nic.in/sites/default/files/sexual_health_reproductive_health_rights_SAMA_PLD_2018_01012019_1.pdf . Accessed on 12 February 2022].

Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MOHFW).Department of AIDS Control, State Fact Sheet March 2014 (online), Available from: http://www.naco.gov.in/sites/default/files/State_Fact_Sheet_2013_14.pdf . [Accessed on 12 /02/ 2022].

STI/RTI Services. National AIDS Control Organization, MoHFW. GoI [online]. Naco.gov.in. 2022. Available from: http://naco.gov.in/sti-rti-services . Accessed on 15/09/ 2022].

Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MOHFW).Department of AIDS Control, State Fact Sheet March 2014 (online), Available from: http://www.naco.gov.in/sites/default/files/State_Fact_Sheet_2013_14.pdf . [Accessed on 12 /09/2022].

AnjanaVerma, Jitendra Kumar Meena, Bratati Banerjee, "A Comparative Study of Prevalence of RTI/STI Symptoms and Treatment Seeking Behaviour among the Married Women in Peri-urban and Rural Areas of Delhi". International Journal of Reproductive Medicine. 2015, Article ID 563031

Bhilwar M, Lal P, Sharma N, Bhalla P, Kumar A. Prevalence of reproductive tract infections and their determinants in married women residing in an peri-urban slum of North-East Delhi, India. Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine. 2015;6(S1):S29.

Gupta AK, Thakur A, Chauhan T, Chauhan N. A study to determine socio demographic corelates of reproductive tract infection amongst women of reproductive age group. International Journal of Reproduction, Contraception, Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2020;9(8):3463-9.

Rani V, Dixit AM, Kumar S, Singh NP, Jain PK, Peeyush K. Reproductive morbidity profile among ever married women (15–44) years of rural Etawah District, Uttar Pradesh: A cross-sectional study. National journal of Community Med 2015;7(1):35-40.

International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS) and ICF. 2017. National Family Health Survey(NFHS-4), 2015-16: India. Mumbai: IIPS. Available at: http://rchiips.org/nfhs/NFHS-4Reports/India.pdf .[Accessed on 09/09/2022].

Thekdi KP, Patel KG, Patel NK, Thekdi PI. A cross sectional study on the prevalence of reproductive tract infections amongst married women in the rural areas of Surendranagar district. Int J Res Med Sci 2014;2(1):215

Kafle P, Bhattarai SS. Prevalence and factors associated with reproductive tract infections in gongolia village, Rupandehi district, Nepal. Advances in Public Health. 2016:5.

Rode S. Determinants of RTI/STI? s Prevalence Among Women in Haryana.Working Papers/Health Studies 2007.

Dev R, Singh J, Khanna A. Determinants of RTI/STIs among married women in Punjab and their health seeking behavior. Journal of Family Welfare.2005;5(1):24-34.

Philip PS, Benjamin AI, Sengupta P. Prevalence of symptoms suggestive of reproductive tract infections/sexually transmitted infections in women in peri-urban areas of Ludhiana. Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS. 2013;34(2):83.

Yasmin S, Mukherjee A. A cyto-epidemiological study on married women in the reproductive age group (15-49 years) regarding reproductive tract infection in a rural community of West Bengal. Indian Journal of Public Health 2012;56(3):204.

Chowdhary N, Patel V. The effect of spousal violence on women's health: findings from the Stree Arogya Shodh in Goa, India. J Postgrad Med. 2008(4):306-12. doi: 10.4103/0022-3859.43514. PMID: 18953151.

Shabnam S. Sexually transmitted infections and spousal violence: The experience of married women in India. Indian Journal of Gender Studies 2017;24(1):24-46.

Weiss, H.A., Patel, V., West, B., Peeling, R.W., Kirkwood, B.R., &Mabey, D. Spousal sexual violence and poverty are risk factors for sexually transmitted infections in women: A longitudinal study of women in Goa, India. Sexually Bibliography 151 Transmitted Infections 2008;84(2): 133–139.

Most read articles by the same author(s)