Prevalence and socio-demographic factors affecting anaemia in pregnant women of Dibrugarh District, Assam, India

Authors

  • Indrani Gogoi
  • Tulika Goswami Mahanta
  • Ratna Sarma
  • Pragyan Prakash Gogoi
  • Hiranya Saikia

Abstract

Background: Anaemia is the most common nutritional deficiency observed globally. Anaemia worsens during pregnancy leading to adverse maternal and fetal outcome. Dibrugarh district has the highest maternal mortality in the country, one of the major factor being anaemia during pregnancy. Aims & Objectives: To assess the prevalence and socio-demographic determinants of anaemia in pregnant women of Dibrugarh District. Material & Methods: A community based, cross-sectional study was conducted in a block selected randomly. Study period was for the period from May’2015 to February’2016. Study sample included 290 participants. Results: Prevalence of anaemia among study participants was found to be 73.1%. (Mild 10%, moderate 43.1 % and severe 20%). Mean haemoglobin of study subjects was 9.07±2.26 g/dl. Average age of the study subjects was 23.24±4. Majority (27.2%) had their education upto primary school level and belong to class IV socioeconomic status. Univariate analysis and multiple logistic regression analysis shows educational qualification, socioeconomic status and type of housing are statistically associated with anaemia during pregnancy. Conclusion: Anaemia is rampant in the community needing urgent action to prevent morbidity amongst both mother and child

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Published

2016-06-30

How to Cite

1.
Gogoi I, Mahanta TG, Sarma R, Gogoi PP, Saikia H. Prevalence and socio-demographic factors affecting anaemia in pregnant women of Dibrugarh District, Assam, India. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2016 Jun. 30 [cited 2021 Oct. 27];28(2):202-7. Available from: https://iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/675

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Section

Short Article