An Epidemiological study on Depression among Rural & Urban Adolescent of Moradabad District, Uttar Pradesh

Authors

  • Sudhir Kumar Gupta Teerthanker Mahaveer Medical College and Research Centre
  • Anish Prabhakar Teerthanker Mahaveer Medical College and Research Centre https://orcid.org/0009-0001-7274-8734
  • Amit Kumar Teerthanker Mahaveer Medical College and Research Centre https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5755-6072
  • Nawaid Arif Amaltas institute of Medical Sciences, Dewas, Madhya Pradesh
  • Sachin Singh Yadav Government Medical College, Datia, Madhya Pradesh
  • Shilpa Reddy Ganta Teerthanker Mahaveer Medical College and Research Centre https://orcid.org/0009-0003-7476-1451

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47203/IJCH.2023.v35i03.015

Keywords:

Depression, Rural, Urban, Adolescent, Family, School, Mohalla, Parents

Abstract

Introduction: Adolescence is a stressful period due to physical, psychological, sexual changes, and presence of disorder such as depression is a matter of concern. Objectives: To study the prevalence of depression among adolescents in urban and rural areas and its socio-demographic correlates. Materials and methods: The PSU consisted all villages (n=29) and mohallas (n=23) in field-practice area. The required number of villages and mohallas, i.e., 10 each, were chosen using the basic random procedure, wherein each village and Mohalla has been assigned a unique serial number. Results: Overall, depression was observed in 110 participants (27.5%) with similar distribution in urban and rural areas. Low maternal and paternal education was a significant risk factor. Adolescents from the upper middle socioeconomic class (42.9%) and those from the lower middle socioeconomic class (33.3%) experienced the most depression. Burden was more among adolescents with low physical activity. Conclusion: This community based study of 400 adolescents residing in the urban and rural areas of Moradabad observed significant burden of depression in adolescent with poor maternal education, living in nuclear families, leading poor lifestyle and affected by any chronic illness at the time of the interview. Positive family history of mental illness was also an important risk factor.

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Author Biographies

Sudhir Kumar Gupta, Teerthanker Mahaveer Medical College and Research Centre

 

Professor, Community Medicine

 

Shilpa Reddy Ganta, Teerthanker Mahaveer Medical College and Research Centre

Assistant Professor, Community Medicine

 

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Published

2023-09-30

How to Cite

1.
Gupta SK, Prabhakar A, Kumar A, Arif N, Yadav SS, Ganta SR. An Epidemiological study on Depression among Rural & Urban Adolescent of Moradabad District, Uttar Pradesh. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2023 Sep. 30 [cited 2024 May 22];35(3):334-8. Available from: https://iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/2606

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