Epidemiological and clinical profile of Laboratory confirmed cases of COVID 19 admitted in Tertiary care Hospital Jammu, Jammu & Kashmir






COVID 19, Epidemiology, Clinical Profile, Tertiary Care Centre

Dimensions Badge



Original Article



Background: Three or more waves of COVID 19 pandemic have hit the different parts of world including India very hard, taking toll on the lives of people both in terms of morbidity and mortality. Keeping this in mind, the present study was conducted with an aim to determine the socio-demographic and clinical profile of laboratory confirmed COVID 19 cases and to determine their association with oxygen requirement and outcome of disease at the time of discharge. Methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted on lab confirmed COVID 19 cases admitted in tertiary care hospital in Jammu from June-July 2021.Data was collected using convenient sampling method. The self-designed questionnaire used for data collection obtained information regarding socio-demographic characteristics of patients as well as clinical features of the disease. Results: Out of total 161 patients studied, 60.8% were males and 39.2% were females. Mean age was 51.2 ± 17.5 years.  Comorbid conditions were present in 37.8% patients, with hypertension being the most common ( 36%). Cough, Fever, breathlessness and myalgia were the main presenting symptoms (90%, 81%, 57.7% and 56% respectively).  The variables which were found to have statistically significant association with oxygen requirement and the outcome of disease at the time of discharge were age, gender and presence of co-morbidity (p <0.05). Conclusions: Advancing age, male gender and presence of underlying co-morbidity were found to be significant risk factors for the requirement of oxygen and poor outcome of the disease.

How to Cite

Sultan A, Kumari R, Gupta RK, Langer B, Zargar T, Mir MT. Epidemiological and clinical profile of Laboratory confirmed cases of COVID 19 admitted in Tertiary care Hospital Jammu, Jammu & Kashmir. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2022 Sep. 30 [cited 2023 Jun. 2];34(3):388-92. Available from: https://iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/2398


Download data is not yet available.


CDC.2019 Novel Coronavirus, Wuhan, China.CDC. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/about/index.html . Last Accessed on 15/09/2022.

Gallegos A. WHO Declares Public Health Emergency for Novel Coronavirus. Medscape Medical News 2020.

Castle S. Coronavirus Live Updates: WHO Declares Pandemic as Number of Infected Countries Grows. The-New-York-Times. 2020.

Andrews MA, Areekal B, Rajesh KR, Krishnan J, Suryakala R, Krishnan B, et al. First confirmed case of COVID-19 infection in India: A case report. The Indian journal of medical research. 2020;151(5):490.

Li J, Zhang Y, Wang F, Liu B, Li H, Tang G, et al, . Sex differences in clinical findings among patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and severe condition.MedRxiv.2020

Gebhard C, Regitz-Zagrosek V, Neuhauser HK, Morgan R, Klein SL. Impact of sex and gender on COVID-19 outcomes in Europe. Biology of sex differences. 2020;11(1):1-3.

Clerkin KJ, Fried JA, Raikhelkar J, Sayer G, Griffin JM, Masoumi A, et al. COVID-19 and cardiovascular disease. Circulation 2020; 141: 1648-1655.

Dashraath P, Wong JL, Lim MX, Lim LM, Li S, Biswas A, et al. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and pregnancy. American journal of obstetrics and gynecology. 2020;222(6):521-31.

Favalli EG, Ingegnoli F, De Lucia O, Cincinelli G, Cimaz R, Caporali R. COVID-19 infection and rheumatoid arthritis: Faraway, so close!. Autoimmunity reviews. 2020;19(5):102523.

Tambe MP, Parande MA, Tapare VS, Borle PS, Lakde RN, Shelke SC. An epidemiological study of laboratory confirmed COVID-19 cases admitted in a tertiary care hospital of Pune, Maharashtra. Indian journal of public health. 2020;64(6):183.

Ahmad M, Beg BM, Majeed A, Areej S, Riffat S, Rasheed MA, et al. Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of covid-19: A retrospective multi-center study in pakistan. Frontiers in Public Health. 2021;9:644199.

Wang R, Pan M, Zhang X, Han M, Fan X, Zhao F, et al. Epidemiological and clinical features of 125 Hospitalized Patients with COVID-19 in Fuyang, Anhui, China. International Journal of Infectious Diseases. 2020;95:421-8.

Kumar N, Hameed SK, Babu GR, Venkataswamy MM, Dinesh P, Bg PK, et al. Descriptive epidemiology of SARS-CoV-2 infection in Karnataka state, South India: Transmission dynamics of symptomatic vs. asymptomatic infections. EClinicalMedicine. 2021;32:100717.

Verma P, Chaudhary S, Kaur S, Midha T, Martolia DS. Impact of co-morbidities in COVID-19 infected patients. Indian Journal of Community Health. 2022;34(1).

Mi J, Zhong W, Huang C, Zhang W, Tan L, Ding L. Gender, age and comorbidities as the main prognostic factors in patients with COVID-19 pneumonia. American journal of translational research. 2020;12(10):6537.

Safiya R, Hirsch Jamie S, Mangala N, McGinn CJ. karina W. Davidson,et al, presenting characteristics, comorbidities, and outcomes among 5700 patients hospitalized with COVID-19 in the New York city area. J. Am. Med. Assoc. 2020;323:2052-9.

Grant MC, Geoghegan L, Arbyn M, Mohammed Z, McGuinness L, Clarke EL, et al. The prevalence of symptoms in 24,410 adults infected by the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19): A systematic review and meta-analysis of 148 studies from 9 countries. PloS one. 2020;15(6):e0234765.

Russell TW, Wu JT, Clifford S, Edmunds WJ, Kucharski AJ, Jit M. Effect of internationally imported cases on internal spread of COVID-19: a mathematical modelling study. The Lancet Public Health. 2021;6(1):e12-20.

Dessie ZG, Zewotir T. Mortality-related risk factors of COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis of 42 studies and 423,117 patients. BMC infectious diseases. 2021;21(1):1-28.

Ni YN, Wang T, Liang BM, Liang ZA. The independent factors associated with oxygen therapy in COVID-19 patients under 65 years old. PloS one. 2021;16(1):e0245690.

Dosi R, Jain G, Mehta A. Clinical Characteristics, Comorbidities, and Outcome among 365 Patients of Coronavirus Disease 2019 at a Tertiary Care Centre in Central India. The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India. 2020;68(9):20-3.

Davis HE, Assaf GS, McCorkell L, Wei H, Low RJ, Re'em Y, Redfield S, Austin JP, Akrami A. Characterizing long COVID in an international cohort: 7 months of symptoms and their impact. E Clinical Medicine. 2021;38:101019.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>